Wednesday, December 30, 2015

ATA - US State Department’s own army

By Sasha Uzunov

ATA - Office of the Antiterrorism Assistance Program is run by the United State’s State Department (it’s Foreign Ministry) and until recently when I stumbled upon this 1997 article from the Gainsville Sun in Florida, US, in a newspaper archive had no idea of its existence.

We all know of the CIA, the FBI, NSA, DEA and various other law-enforcement, espionage and para-military formations but this one, the ATA, was lunknown to me.

It was a secret counter terrorism unit set up by President Ronald Reagan in 1983 and hidden until 1987.

An article from the Gainsville Sun newspaper, 28 January 1997 - US newspaper archives

PD Knowles, American secret counter-terrorist trainer sent to Columbia, Peru & Macedonia by the US State Department’s Anti-Terrorism Assistance Program during the 1980s and 1990s.

He was obviously in Macedonia before the 1999 NATO war against Serbia for control of Kosovo and the 2001 ethnic Albanian uprising in Macedonia.

It is not known whether PD Knowles trained any potential Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) or its precursor elements during his stay in the Balkans.

You can read the 1997 full Gainsville Sun story at this link

The Official US State Department website:

The Office of Antiterrorism Assistance (ATA), administers the Antiterrorism Assistance Program. The ATA program trains civilian security and law enforcement personnel from friendly governments in police procedures that deal with terrorism. DS officers work with the host country's government and a team from that country's U.S. mission to develop the most effective means of training for bomb detection, crime scene investigation, airport and building security, maritime protections, and VIP protection.

DS assesses the training needs, develops the curriculum, and provides the resources to conduct the training. The bureau uses its own training experts as well as those from other U.S. federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies, police associations, and private security firms and consultants.

Most ATA program recipients are developing nations lacking human and other resources needed to maintain an effective antiterrorism program and infrastructure. ATA training seeks to address deficiencies noted in the ability to perform the following areas:

Protecting national borders
Protecting critical infrastructure
Protecting national leadership
Responding to and resolving terrorist incidents
Managing critical terrorists incidents having national-level implications

Since its inception in 1983, the program has trained and assisted over 84,000 foreign security and law enforcement officials from 154 countries. These foreign security and law enforcement personnel have received training in bomb detection, crime scene investigations, airport and building security, maritime security, dignitary protection, and numerous other disciplines to increase their counterterrorism capabilities and capacity. These officials are now better prepared to fight terrorism and protect Americans overseas in times of crisis. DS has received numerous stories from foreign police officers who have used their ATA training successfully to counter terrorist situations in their countries.

Marc A Celmer takes a critical look at the ATA in his book. He points out that there is an ulterior motive in setting up the ATA.  link here

The Los Angeles Times newspaper ran a 1987 story about PC Knowles and the ATA:

U.S. Wins a Few : Upping the Stakes on Terrorism -
October 11, 1987 by DAVID LAMB

"WASHINGTON — In basement offices where a hand-lettered sign says "The Bullet Stops Here" and conference rooms where government lawyers gather, in California think tanks and training facilities from Oklahoma to Georgia, the United States is shaping the course of its undeclared war on international terrorism.

"It is a shadowy war that perhaps no one can win. Advances are measured in inches and may not last. The ammunition is often only snippets of intelligence or pleas for international cooperation, and the soldiers are as often lawyers and bureaucrats as undercover agents or counter terrorism squads awaiting secret deployment orders at U.S. military bases.

"Disarming a Terrorist

"One anti-terrorism instructor, P. C. Knowles, a deputy sheriff from Alachua County, Florida, stood the other day among a group of 30 Bolivian policemen and security officers at one of those facilities, a Transportation Department complex in Oklahoma City. One of the Bolivians held a simulated pistol at Knowles' back and the others crowded around attentively.

"First thing to know is where the weapon is," Knowles said, his head turning toward the assailant. "You have to look. Now, from this position, it's hopeless . . . but from here," and his feet spun, his arm swung back and in a flash he had the gun and his student had been flipped gently onto the canvas mat, "from here, it's easy."

"These efforts may represent only a footnote in a larger campaign, but CIA statistics indicate that they are paying dividends. They also imply that the Reagan Administration's sale of arms to Iran--which the State Department lists along with Syria, South Yemen, Libya and Cuba as a state sponsor of political violence--may not have been as harmful to U.S. interests as many had believed.” link to full story

Tuesday, December 29, 2015


Photos: Aleksander Dinevski (above). Ljubomir Frckoski (below right).


The unusual choice for “human rights activist” - Ljubomir Danailov Frckoski.

It’s a puzzling selection by the Helsinki Committee for Macedonia - link - to have on board an ex politician, ex Interior Minister who ordered extensive wiretapping and wrongfully dismissed an intelligence officer in the early 1990s

- Former Macedonian Intelligence Officer, Alexander Dinevski, is no stranger to controversy.

THE JORDAN MIJALKOV MYSTERY DEEPENS - Why did Macedonia's Interior Minister Frckoski order intelligence officer's arrest in 1992?

by Sasha Uzunov

Professor Doctor Ljubomir Danailov Frckoski, who in recent times has cultivated the image of a mild mannered public intellectual who critiques mock baroque statues, had a more ruthless side to his stage personna as Macedonia's Interior Minister, ordering the arrest of a highly respected counter-intelligence officer and seizing documents relating to his successor Jordan Mijalkov (father of Saso Mijalkov, Macedonian Intelligence chief forced to resign in 2015 during anti government protests ironically over government wiretapping) killed in a mysterious car crash in Serbia in late 1991.


Alexander (Aleksandar) "Aco" Dinevski , an officer with the Interior Ministry's SDB (Sluzba za Drzavna Bezbednost - State Security Service) was arrested on the 13 July 1992 whilst on annual summer vacation in his father's village of Brajcino, in the Lake Prespa region of Macedonia. The order had come from Interior Minister Frckoski over claims that Dinevski had been leaking secrets.

The Interior Ministry runs the police force and intelligence services.

Dinevski, flanked by SDB officers, was then driven back to Skopje, the capital of Macedonia and made to hand over his work files from his office safe as well as having his flat (apartment) in Skopje searched and private documents and books seized, including material relating to Mijalkov.

He later was released from custody and began court proceedings against Minister Frckoski over wrongful dismissal. In 1993 during my time as a reporter with the MILS news agency in Skopje I met Dinevski and attended his court trial on 18 March 1993. His lawyer being the well known attorney Rafael Cerepnalkovski-Rafe, later to become a Supreme Court judge. The matter was eventually settled and Dinevski compensated.

Dinevski is no stranger to controversy. As a young reformist intelligence officer, he together with seven other colleagues, known as The Eight (Osumminata na RSVR), including Slobodan Bogoevski (now at the centre of a recent US investigation into a bribery scandal involving the sale of Macedonia’s telecommunications network to Magyar Telekom in 2005-06. see link ), began pushing for reforms in Macedonia's interitor ministry then under Federal Communist Yugoslav control. His group also exposed corruption and abuse of power by Macedonia's communist ruling elite, namely Lazar Kolisevski, a close collaborater with Yugoslav ruler Marshal Tito.

In 1991 Macedonia became independent after leaving the collapsing Federal Yugoslavia, caused in most part in Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic’s attempts to set up a Greater Serbia - see link

Recently Dinevski was released after spending two years in jail on alleged and controverisal espionage charges laid by Macedonia's government led by Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski. see link. He denies his guilt and claims he was set up. There are plans to fight to overturn the conviction.

Dinevski was a staunch critic of the Gruevski government’s Lustration Commission, set up to reveal ex intelligence informers from the Yugoslavist period of Macedonia (1944-91), claiming the process was selective and documents open to tampering.

read on: link

A TEAM UZUNOV investigation, citing declassified Australian Security Intelligence Organisation (ASIO) files confirmed that a genuine ex Yugoslav intelligence operative, Martin Trenevski, was not put through the Lustration Commission but appointed Macedonia’s Ambassador to NATO (2010-14) by Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski.

read on: link
UPDATE - 2 February 2016 - Dinevski has lodged an appeal with Macedonia’s Court of Appeals to have his conviction overturned. It has been deferred til the end of February 2016. This post from Dinevski in Macedonian on Facebook, revealing that both pro-government and opposition media stayed away from the initial court hearing, with only one journalist turning up.

More on Martin Trenevski:

VANKOVSKA versus TRENEVSKI - Albright's legendary rudeness !

Scrutinising Macedonia's Foreign Policy - Vankovska versus Trenevski at NATO (2010-14).

Some of Macedonia's "foreign relations experts" seem to have kooky ideas on the importance of alliances etc. You'll notice that a lot of energy has been expended in critiquing Macedonia's relationship with Israel and Hungary but the blow-torch of scrutiny doesn't apply to say Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece and even Kosovo.

An example of the weak and hilarious scrutiny of Macedonian Foreign policy is the attempted very soft takedown of Macedonia's Ambassador to NATO, Martin Trenevski by "intellectual" Professor Doctor Biljana Vankovska. In effect, she turned Trenevski into a kind of anti-NATO hero.

It's more like tickling Trenevski with a feather rather than tearing him apart. Water off a ducks back so to speak. Metaphorically speaking, It’s like going after a bank robber for parking in a disabled car par spot but ignoring the glaring fact he has just robbed a bank...

In essence her criticism is aimed at his rude behaviour. France's President Charles De Gaulle built a whole post war political career on being rude to NATO, culminating in France's withdrawal from the alliance in 1966.

Even Macedonian pundit Borjan Jovanovski, who claims to be pro-NATO, has been “rude” to NATO on many occasions, as in defending the regime in Serbia, which is anti-NATO, as well as attacking NATO and EU member Hungary.

Vankovska, who claims to be a miltary and geo-political strategist with extensive contacts, goes after Trenevski over his "rudeness" but misses or ignores the real scandal, that Trenevski was a one time intelligence operative for YUGOSLAVIA under journalist cover. With the collapse of Yugoslavia in 1991, the federal intelligence services (UDBa/SDB and KOS and SID) aparatus were taken over by Slobodan Milosevic's Serbian regime. The breakaway republics, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Macedonia kept their republican UDBas.

You'd think that she would have at least tried to dig up some real dirt on Trenevski by asking around. There are retired intelligence agents Vladimir Pivovarov or Ivan Babanovski she could have asked. But it appears that anything linked to the former Yugoslavia or current day Serbia is ignored.

Surely, if someone worked for Yugoslav state run newsagency TANJUG as an overseas correspondent as did Trenevski in Australia (1986-89), it would have raised alarm bells in Vankovska's head as an "expert?"

It's common knowledge that Soviet, Yugoslav, East German etc journalists working overseas during the Cold War (1946-89) where intelligence operatives. Surely, this would have aroused some intellectual curiousity in Vankovska?

Intelligence agents never really retire, so goes the story. Hypothetically speaking, how do we know someone so opposed to NATO might be doing so because he or she has been ordered by say Belgrade and not out of rudeness?

TEAM UZUNOV applied for the AUSTRALIAN Security Intelligence Organistion (ASIO) file on Trenevski during his stay in Australia (1986-89). Very easy process, only that it takes time waiting. The file confirms Trenevski was a high level intelligence officer reporting directly to Belgrade outside the normal diplomatic chain of command in the Yugoslav Embassy in Canberra. We did this because our curiousity was aroused because of the TANJUG connection.
See stories for more at these links:

Here and Here

She could have taken Trenevski and Macedonian Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski apart over Trenevski's appointment to the sensitive position to NATO and for not going through the government's much criticised Lustration Commission.

Instead Vankovska attacked Trenevski for being rude to NATO.

An analogy would be criticising a bank robber for placing his get away car in a reserved Disabled Car Parking Spot or a Parents with Prams parking zone in the nearby shopping centre whilst robbing a bank, but not criticising him robbing a bank. Hilarious !

Ex US Foreign Minister (Secretary of State) and ex US Ambassador to the UN and the architect of the NATO war in Kosovo in 1999, Madeleine Albright, used rudeness and being pushy as her part of her shtick !

Vankovska quote in Macedonian from Utrinski Vesnik newspaper about Trenevski’s rudeness:

„Паднав од смеа. Мислев дека сум јас најанти-НАТО во Македонија“, беше реакцијата на професорката Билјана Ванковска вчера околу презентацијата на новиот амбасадор на Македонија во Алијансата, Мартин Треневски. „Едно е да имаш личен став, или научен, но дипломат е дипломат зашто внимава што зборува. Ме изненади неумешноста со која ги кажуваше нештата и мислам дека досега немало понедипломатски настап на кандидат за амбасадор на Македонија“, оцени таа.

Дипломати со контакти во НАТО оваа слика за Треневски ја сметаат за олеснителна околност за Македонија, иако звучи парадоксално. Сега барем ќе знаат со сигурност со кого си имаат работа, па нема да го прашуваат за мислење и нема да го земаат за сериозно, порачуваат тие.

Utrinski Vesnik article - 2010. Link here 

Sunday, December 13, 2015

(ROAD) SIGN OF THE TIMES - Serbia’s rocky relationship with Macedonia

Serbia’s Foreign Minister Ivica Dacic (on the left) shakes hands with Macedonia’s Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski.

(ROAD) SIGN OF THE TIMES - Serbia’s rocky relationship with Macedonia
By Sasha Uzunov 

The haughty and paradoxical behaviour of Serbian Foreign Minister Ivica Dacic has not been hard to miss over Belgrade’s confected outrage when Macedonia did not obey Serbia, which is rare anyway, and recently supported Kosovo’s, as it turns out failed, UNESCO application.

As you might be aware Serbia refuses to recognise the independence of its break away province of Kosovo, predominately Albanian. So when Macedonia supported Kosovo’s UNESCO bid, in retaliation a road sign inside Serbia had referred to Macedonia by the controversial- and offensive to Macedonians- FYROM (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia). Serbia recognises Macedonia under its constitutional name of The Republic of Macedonia.

A quote from Serbian news website B92 - Link: 

Serbian Foreign Minister Ivica Dacic has said he "sees no reason for Skopje's complaint" over a highway sign on Corridor 10 in Serbia that reads, "FYROM."
FYROM (Serbian: BJRM) is the acronym for "Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" - the name under which the country has been admitted to the UN. Its constitutional name, and one under which Serbia recognized it, is "Republic of Macedonia."
"They mind the sign, whereas we should not mind that they voted in favor of Kosovo's admission to UNESCO," Dacic asked.
The minister added that "our ambassador in Skopje presented the same arguments during a meeting in their Ministry of Foreign Affairs, where she was delivered an oral demarche over to the sign," Belgrade-based daily Vecernje Novosti is reporting.
Skopje has based its protest on the fact Serbia recognizes it as "Republic of Macedonia," asking that the sign, listing the details of the construction site that is currently the Vladicin Han- Donji Neradovac section of the road, be urgently removed.
But Dacic was adamant that the sign will remain where it is, saying:
"It is about time we stopped working against our own interests. It's true Serbia recognized Macedonia under that name, unlike (other) European states, but that was done under (Slobodan) Milosevic, in the 1990s. While Macedonia has recognized Kosovo and is now bothered by some sign. It's incomprehensible that Indonesia is a bigger friend to us than a neighboring state."
Macedonia was among 92 UNESCO members who in early November supported Pristina's failed bid to join the organization.
Dacic said at the time Belgrade was "disappointed, but not surprised" by its neighbors' behavior, and stressed their move was "deeply contrary to our national interests."
It is hypocritical and pure diplomatic theatre by Dacic, of course, because Serbia, is an ally of the United Arab Emirates, which funded "charity" organisations, read Kosovo Liberation Army, (KLA) in Kosovo and supported the 1999 NATO bombing of Serbia, and has now invested heavily in the Serbian arms industry.  see link 

But even when Macedonia does "disobey” Belgrade on this very rare occasion look at the petty reaction. It's a form of blackmail, political bullying.
It is OK for Belgrade under ultra nationalists and indicted war criminals Vojislav Seselj and Slobodan Milosevic, until Milosevic slightly modified his behaviour from wielding the stick to dangling the carrot in the form of recognising Macedonia, to have threatened Macedonia's very existence and plundered its army barracks of weapons and equipment during the Yugoslav Army's withdrawal in the early 1990s, way, way before Macedonia under intense political heat from the West and its internal ethnic Albanian political bloc recognised the independence of Kosovo in 2008.

One of the reasons why Macedonia in 1999 allowed NATO to operate on its soil against Serbian control of Kosovo was a genuine fear engendered by the Milosevic regime in 1994 - see link 

There is no attempt to whitewash NATO intervention in Kosovo - we all know that two wrongs don’t make a right. A Greater Albania is a genuine fear that haunts Macedonia. The 2001 ethnic Albanian uprising in Macedonia was a consequence of the Kosovo war of 1999. It was a strange kind of gratitude by NATO to let loose the KLA in Macedonia in 2001. see link.  But it is insulting to believe that Milosevic did not have hostile intentions towards Macedonia before 1999.

When Macedonia recognised Kosovo in 2008, Serbia in retaliation cut off ties with Macedonia. It was only when Macedonian Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski had to go grovelling and running like a scolded "naughty child" to "mummy" in Belgrade in 2009 that ties were re established. (See the Wikileaks document - link ).
It's OK for Belgrade to have strong-armed the Macedonian government in 2012 to allow Serbia on Macedonian soil at Zebrnjak, Kumanovo to commemorate the centenary of its 1912 conquest of Macedonia and subsequent colonial rule until 1941, which is like Poland allowing Germany to "celebrate" Berlin's invasion and partition of Poland in September 1939 - so Macedonians in 2012 had to “smile” and cop it on the chin and tolerate the insulting ceremony. see link 
Then there is the Serbian state, nominally secular, which funds a rebel pro Serb nationalist Priest Zoran Vraniskovski to destabalise Macedonia and the disengenious and "unofficial" use of the Serbian Orthodox Church to deny the existence of Macedonians. see link  
Then there is the 2014 agreement between Serbia and Macedonia for sharing joint diplomatic missions abroad, which Belgrade wanted and was given.
In the same year floods ravaged Serbia and Macedonia was quick to provide humanitarian aid from its tiny budget. 
In May 2015 the Serbian High Court officially rehabilitated a controversial Word War II leader Draza Mihailovic, whose followers murdered thousands of innocent people, and whose ideology was anti Macedonian. The Macedonian government of Prime Minister Gruevski and the opposition led by Zoran Zaev did nothing nor said anything in response when it should have in case of rousing Belgrade’s displeasure.
The hypocrisy stinks to high heaven from Belgrade and funnily enough there has been silence from some of Macedonia's human rights activists who at the drop of a hat call for demonstrations against Hungary over its wall to keep refugees out but not Belgrade nor Sofia for that matter.
This is a good wake up call for Macedonia and its foreign policy and the need to strengthen ties with Croatia and Slovenia as a balance to Belgrade.
And a wake up call for those who claim to be Macedonian patriots but naively believe Serbia's good intentions in protecting Macedonia from a Greater Albania.
There needs to a relationship of equals between Serbia and Macedonia; not master and servant as in previous times.
After all, Macedonia acting as a good "international citizen" has supported Kosovo's recent application to join UNESCO much to Serbia's chagrin.
Why isn't Macedonia's "in-house internationalist" Borjan Jovanovski immediately leaping to Macedonia's defence? There has been 48 hours of silence on Borjan's normally hyperactive Twitter account. That's "unusual."
It tells us so much about the "inconsistent" behaviour of some Macedonians who claim or pretend to be "internationalists" but seem to give Serbian nationalism a free pass or an alibi by deliberately remaining silent or downplaying it or offering a "fig leaf" of protest but without really meaning it… see link 

Wednesday, December 02, 2015


AMERIKAN PROVOKATSIYA?  Robert Baer CIA claims? Washington-Belgrade rapprochement on the cards?

By Sasha Uzunov

It's no surprise that the Serbian media, and by extension the Macedonian media, naturally, have wholeheartedly embraced the alleged claims by ex CIA officer Robert Baer that the US had a hand in destroying YUGOSLAVIA in 1991. see link here

Is it an attempt on Baer's part to promote his books or an act of revenge against Washington over a personal grievance or is he simply telling the truth? On the balance of probabilities, his claims however make no sense, unless it's a deliberate act of disinformation in what is known as "provokatsiya" - what the Russians call special warfare. Or is the whole thing an elaborate hoax or disinformation campaign? It is emerging that Baer never made those claims to begin with. see link here 

It would be naive to assume that the CIA did not have operatives in Yugoslavia, as it would be naive to say that the Russians, French, Germans, British did not have agents in Yugoslavia.

However, the faked Baer claims conveniently whitewash the reality of a Greater Serbia of Slobodan Milosevic, it whitewashes the actions of Vojislav Seselj, who attacked innocent Macedonians in 1990 and who repeatedly called for Macedonia to become a part of a Greater Serbia;  it also whitewashes Milosevic's offer of a deal to divide Macedonia with GREEK Prime Minister Mitsotakis in 1992.

Moreover, the assumptions that underpin these various conspiracy theories peddled by right wing nationalists in Belgrade over the 1991 collapse of Yugoslavia are racist - that is Slovenes, Croats and others (Macedonians) aren't smart enough to be independent, they somehow have to be goaded by others to break away and be free or how dare they leave YUGOSLAVIA without Serbian permission? It's always the same. However, there is a large body of Serbs who do not buy the nationalist spin and have rightly concluded that such an ideology is what brought Serbia to its very knees in the 1990s.


Put simply, so what if the CIA did allegedly intervene in Yugoslavia in 1991. We are led to believe that somehow the CIA managed to convince millions of Slovenes and Croats to break away from Yugoslavia in 1991 when before 1991 the CIA because of the Cold War (1946-89) actually stopped these two groups from wanting to secede. Belgrade can’t have its cake and eat it too. The reality is the CIA did not tear down Yugoslavia.

The faked Baer and the real Belgrade narrative also ignore the rise of Milosevic on the platform of Serbian nationalism, a point covered by prominent Serb human rights activist Sonja Biserko.

It was Yugoslav tanks ordered by the Generals in Belgrade and supported by Milosevic in June 1991 that invaded Slovenia, after it democratically voted to secede from Yugoslavia. No Slovenian tank invaded Serb territory. No Croat tank invaded Serbian territory. These basic points seem to be ignored.

Then the 1991 collapse is deliberately linked with the 1999 NATO war in Kosovo, where the US is clearly culpable, in order to get Belgrade off the hook for 1991.

In essence Serbian nationalist wrongdoing in 1991 is "excused" because of American wrongdoing in 1999. Put simply a bully, Milosevic, later justifies his actions of bullying because a big bully, the U.S., hits him !

The whole narrative plays upon the Serb "victim card."

You'll notice in recent times, Serbia is an ally of the United Arab Emirates, an ally of the U.S.

Cynically, where the Gulf Arab States were once condemned by Belgrade for funding the Kosovo Liberation Army, the Sheikhs are now Serbia's best friends with investments in Serbia's arms industry. see here

Serbian weapons, manufactured by the Zastava company are sold to the lucrative Middle East market. Some have ended up in the arms of Syrian rebels. see here

And could this be the real reason for the faked Baer's strategically timed claims about the CIA allegedly destroying Yugoslavia in 1991? To divert attention or to stop American-Serb rapprochement which is on the cards (see below for story

The people at the helm in Serbia are all fellow travellers of Milosevic and Seselj - President Tomislav Nikolic and Prime Minister Alexander Vucic, who in 1995 infamously shouted that for one Serb killed in Bosnia, 100 Muslim Bosnians must be killed. Vucic has now been transformed into a caring-sharing "internationalist" for the West !

From 1991 to 1995, Milosevic had a free hand to win the wars in Yugoslavia. The U.S. changed its policy under President Clinton in 1994 because of a fear of RUSSIAN domination in the Balkans. The U.S. then assisted the Croats and also set up the KLA. The US quite stupidly imported Al Qaeda operatives to run rampant in Bosnia. The guys who pulled off 9/11 had links to Islamists in Macedonia, Albania and Bosnia.'

All of this is openly known and has been for sometime. No one is attempting to whitewash America's wrongdoing. Yes, American interference in Kosovo in 1999 then spilled over into Macedonia in 2001 with Kosovar attempts to annex Macedonian territory and the Ohrid Framework Agreement was forced upon Macedonians, as a way of hiding US culpability.


A Greater Albania poses a serious threat to Macedonia's very existence. These forces were unleashed because of Kosovo’s detachment from Serbia. A fact even acknowledged by ex US Foreign Minister (Secretary of State) Henry Kissinger. see link An ethnic Albanian uprising took place in Macedonia in 2001 under the cover of “human rights” but in reality a land grab to expand Kosovo. To cover American complicity and get Washington off the hook, the Ohrid Framework Agreement was signed in order for the Albanian rebels/terrorists to lay down their arms. But is it a prelude to the “federalisation” of Macedonia into an “Albanian republic” and a rump Macedonia? If so, then it would mean the end of Macedonia as an independent nation-state, with the rump probably absorbed by either Serbia or Bulgaria.

However, it's childish to assume that Belgrade has been an "innocent" participant in all of these events as well. If Slovenia, Croatia had been allowed to leave peacefully by Belgrade in 1991 then SERBIA wouldn't have lost Kosovo. Milosevic, a rogue, took a gamble and got beaten by a bigger rogue, Clinton !

If anything, the question that is always conveniently ignored is why did US cash keep Yugoslavia alive for so long during the Cold War? As a proposition it was never a realistic long term concept. That it survived for about 45 years is extraordinary. It should have collapsed in the 1970s.

Why did the CIA turn a blind eye to Yugoslav intelligence (UDBa) as it murdered dissidents in the West during the 1970s and 80s? Because Tito's Yugoslavia, after the 1948 split from the Soviet communist bloc, feared Moscow.

One of the founders of Tito's Yugoslavia, the Montenegrin Marxist Milovan Djilas has acknowledged that it was dysfunctional and wouldn't last long.

If anything, the "Yugoslavist utopia" ended up being a vehicle for Serbian cultural hegemony, for example the embracing of a Serb identity by Vladimir Gligorov, the son of Kiro Gligorov(, later, ironically, to become the President of an independent Macedonia in 1991).

What undermines the Serb victim card that get's played by BELGRADE is the use--by the nominally secular Serbian state--of religion, the Serbian Orthodox Church, to interfere in Macedonia via its agents such as rebel priest Zoran Vraniskovski.

It's a tragedy for the Serbian people that they have allowed themselves to believe in such conspiracy theories and their country destroyed. And what happens in Serbia, you know arrives as a "fashion" in Macedonia within 24 to 48 hours.

When analysing events from 1991 onwards, a kind of childlike or immature approach is adopted where key players such as Serbia or the US are either innocent or evil. The reality is nations have their own strategic interests that change - an ally can become an enemy or an enemy can become a friend.

Blaming the US for the 1991 collapse also ignores the dysfunctional society, economy and "work habits" or lack of "work habits" of the then SFR Yugoslavia
The reality is whilst it was useful as an entity during the Cold War, the money kept flowing into Yugoslavia. When that usefulness was over, the money was turned off.

What lessons can we draw from this - it is better to be independent rather than rely on others to fund your cafe lifestyle. Less Belgradisation or Brusselisation (the EU is a surrogate Utopia like the failed Yugoslavist one).


It is no surprise that many of the leading fanatical Yugoslavists in Macedonia such as the foul-mouthed journalist Borjan Jovanovski, who would be more comfortable in a BELGRADE smoke filled cafe, and other fellow travellers have naively or opportunistically jumped on board the EU bandwagon and supposedly embraced western values when deep down they still possess Yugoslavist authoritarian ones and still see Belgrade as the cultural universe.

Likewise, those claiming to be Macedonian patriots, have out of a fear of a Greater Albania or pro Serb sentiment allowed themselves to go running to Belgrade, in particular the equally authoritarian and foul-mouthed shock jock commentator Milenko Nedelkovski. He too would be at home in a BELGRADE cafe !

Macedonia needs less Belgradisation and Brusselisation, not more of it !

TEAM UZUNOV ANALYSIS: Is Washington trying to strike a deal with Belgrade? Is Macedonia the bargaining chip? Recently the US restored full diplomatic and political ties with long time enemy Cuba and signing off on Iran’s nuclear program.
The United States and Serbia have been at loggerheads over the US lead in the 1999 NATO war in Kosovo which detached that province from Serbia and led it to become an independent state, albeit an American protectorate in the Balkans.
Serbia has refused to accept the fact it won’t be having Kosovo back anytime soon or in the immediate future. The US realising it needs Serbia’s final agreement in order to secure Kosovo’s eastern flank (border with Serbia) might come to some kind of deal to “compensate” Serbia for its loss and make Belgrade’s dalliance with Putin’s Russia less attractive.
Compensate, you ask? Well, hypothetically speaking the only other territory up for grabs is the Republic of Macedonia. Federalisation of the country will spell the end of: that is if the western part becomes an “Albanian republic” with the Republic of Macedonia it will eventually secede and join up with Kosovo and Albania, assuming that is the the US’s end state? 
Washington could give Serbia a freehand in Macedonia, even though it already has enormous, some say too much, cultural influence in Macedonia. Also toss in Republika Srpska from Bosnia into the mix. What is interesting is a controversial ex US Ambassador William Montgomery, who lives in Croatia, was hired by Serbian President Tomislav Nikolic as an advisor. see link - “Coincidently, Montgomery angered Bosniaks when he called for the partition of Bosnia-Hercegovina and for Republika Srpska to join Serbia. see link 

Another scenario could be the partition of Kosovo into Albanian and Serb parts. see link

Russian influence in the Balkans plays in favour of Serbia and Greece, though a NATO member, because it will squeeze Macedonia between these two traditional allies who have always had predatory designs on Macedonia. Serbia is not ally of Macedonia but more involved in a relationship (not marriage) of convenience with Macedonia over fears of a Greater Albania but ironically a partitioned and destablised Macedonia will gravitate towards Belgrade for its survival. But this still remains conjecture. It could happen; it could not happen.

Another nightmare scenario is if Serbia joins the EU before Macedonia, Serbia, like Bulgaria, will be offering citizenship and passports to Macedonians.
A number of events have occurred in the past 24 months which point to a creeping US-Serbia rapprochement:
1. Serbia securing a $1 Billion loan from the United Arab Emirates, an ally of the US and one time financier of the Kosovo Liberation Army;
2. The US being “concerned” for the “human rights” of pro-Serb nationalist priest in Macedonia, Zoran Vraniskovski;
3. The release of ultra Serb nationalist and war criminal Vojislav Seselj from the International Tribunal in the Hague on “health grounds;”
4. Washington keeping low key about the recent official rehabilitation by the Serbian High Court of controversial ultra Serb nationalist leader executed by Tito at the end of World War II, Draza Mihailovic, whose platform was anti-Macedonian, Croat etc.
Bulgaria is already in the US camp, after dumping the Soviet bloc at the end of the Cold War. There are US military bases in Bulgaria.
So hypothetically, if Serbia, assuming it’s in the American camp, or Bulgaria where to partition what’s left of the the Republic of Macedonia, it would solve Greece’s problem as well. Moreover, Serbia’s historical rival Croatia which is also locked into the EU and NATO, may need to step up its diplomatic initiative to balance Belgrade’s influence in Macedonia. A failed Macedonian state is not in Zagreb’s strategic interests as it turns a bi-polar Balkan power centres into a three ring circus - Belgrade, Zagreb and Pristina, which then becomes even more unpredictable.

Zagreb needs to balance its interests in Kosovo and Macedonia, a herculean task, but something it will have to grapple with.
All of these scenarios remain hypothetical and may not eventuate. But any sensible person or adult in Macedonia, especially the strategic planners have to take into consideration the volatility of the Balkans.

When Yugoslavia collapsed in 1991, Macedonia’s cultural and political elite, according to pundit Risto Nikovski, were caught unaware because they naively believed that Yugoslavism, which was funded by US dollars, would last forever and they would not need to do anything….

- The best course of action is for Macedonia to somehow maintain an independent foreign policy--playing off Russia against the US and strengthening economic ties with the People’s Republic of China.

Monday, October 12, 2015


FOREIGN INTERFERENCE - Australian MP’s wife handed 
over ALP party membership lists to Yugoslav government for vetting
by Sasha Uzunov
Responding to a TEAM UZUNOV application, the National Archives of Australia released a de-classified Australian Security Intelligence Organisation (ASIO) file on Vera “Vladislava” Kent, wife of Lewis “Bata” Kent ex Federal Australian Labor Party (Socialist Left faction) Australian Member of Parliament, both “Yugoslav activists” in Australia.
ASIO FILES - 1983 - Yugoslav consul Antun Buneta (also an intelligence officer) was determining how Australian taxpayer dollars were being spent by the Victorian State government Ethnic Affairs Commission.
Vera Kent handed over list of Victorian organisations to the Yugoslav consul to approve funds from the Victorian Ethnic Affairs Commission. She also passed on list of potential ALP members to another Yugoslav diplomat, Mate Kuvacic for “vetting” as in their attitude towards communist Yugoslavia.
ALP Socialist Left Faction Federal Member of Parliament, Lewis "Bata" Kent (1980-90 seat of Hotham) was found to have been working as a spy for the Yugoslav government. see link for previous story on Lewis Kent here 
Vera Kent was a board member of the Victorian State government’s Ethnic Affairs Commission. She also a disciple of ALP Socialist Left faction heavy hitter and Meat Workers Union boss the late Wally Curran.

link to the Vera Kent’s ASIO file here: 

Thursday, August 27, 2015

PLAYING FOR KYPS - Greek Intelligence operations.

PLAYING FOR “KYPS” - Greek Intelligence operations
by Sasha Uzunov

Despite the economic meltdown and the political chaos in Greece, its intelligence service remains the only one in the Balkans from the Balkan States which from a technical and logistical aspect could conduct massive intelligence operations against a neighbouring state, either for its own national self-interests or on behalf of the United States.

It would have the manpower and resources to tape or record or monitor and then transcribe phone calls, text messages etc. It would have people who could read and write Macedonian, Turkish, Albanian, English, Bulgarian, Croatian, Serb, Romanian, Aromanian (Vlach) etc.

Russia, the US, Serbia, Bulgaria, Albania, and Kosovo would also be conducting intelligence operations within Macedonia as well. The US spies on allies such as Germany. This is nothing new in the intelligence business. It would be naive to think otherwise. Some years back, Greece was spying on its ally, the US, via American-Greek Steven Lalas. (see note below).

Russia in recent times because of the political instability in Macedonia has ratcheted up its special warfare activities called "Provokatsiya" through the use of the media and so forth in defence of its strategic interests in the Balkans. It's good leverage to use against the U.S. and the EU over the Ukraine crisis.

As a member of NATO and U.S. ally, Greece has some access to spy satellite imagery as well as intelligence. At a more basic level, It would have the capability to place inexpensive but high-resolution hidden cameras and microphones in the hotel rooms or private villas where foreign visitors, including Macedonian politicians, are staying for their summer vacations, for the purposes of obtaining any information or to blackmail those engaging in “naughty behaviour.” This is known as the “honeypot” and perfected by the Soviet KGB of placing an attractive female or male agent to seduce a target. It’s standard espionage practice worldwide.

Attached is an interesting research paper on the evolution of the Greek Intelligence Service.

Greek expert reveals the increasing professionalism thanks to assistance from the US, Germany, France. link:

NIS-EYP Greek Intelligence Service - once referred to as KYP, was modelled along the lines of the American CIA.

It has a number of departments or sections dealing with certain areas that are of vital strategic interest to Greece: there is a Cyprus section, a Turkish section, and a Macedonian section, an EU section, an Albanian (Epirus) section and so on…

Even today, the “Macedonian section” inside the Greek Embassy here in Canberra, Australia and the Consulates in Melbourne, Sydney and Perth have a dedicated team who monitor social media, including Facebook and so on. These experts are fluent in English and even Macedonian.

We know from a 1973 Australian Security Intelligence Organisation (ASIO) briefing paper that high ranking KYP officers made an official visit to Australia in the late 1960s and that in the early 1970s “unofficial” KYP officers were infiltrating the Australian-Macedonian community.

The ASIO report makes mention of the existence of a Macedonian section within the Greek diplomatic missions in Australia.

During the Greek Military Junta (1967-74), supported by the US, KYP was monitoring Leftist Greeks both inside and outside Greece and fomenting anti Turkish activities on the island of Cyprus.

The 1973 ASIO report on Greek Intelligence submitted to the Australian Prime Minister and Cabinet can be read here: link

1988 - GREEK STATE SPONSORED TERRORISM - OUTRAGEOUS THREAT TO AUSTRALIA’S SECURITY- Greece threatened violence on the streets of Melbourne if its controversial “Ancient Macedonian Exhibition” in Australia was cancelled or delayed, according to declassified Australian Foreign Affairs Department document.


“…an [Australian] Embassy representative was summoned in September 1988 to the office of the Greek Ministry of Culture’s Director of Antiquities, Mr J. Tzedakis, who told him that if the decision was further delayed the Greek Government who would prompt the Greek community in Melbourne to “tear the city apart, brick by brick.”

Report contained in AUSTRALIAN Foreign Affairs department File on diplomatic relations between Australia and SR Macedonia 1971-89. National Archives of Australia. Link 

In this report are complaints from the 1980s from ethnic Macedonians trying to return to Greece to their villages or towns where they were born and being denied access at the border checkpoints or Athens airport.


is an American of Greek ancestry and a former US State Department communications officer. Charged with espionage-related offenses in connection with passing sensitive military and diplomatic information to Greece, he was arrested in northern Virginia in 1993.

Lalas pled guilty in federal court to one count of conspiracy to commit espionage, he was sentenced to 14 years in prison. Later paroled, Lalas immigrated to Greece to serve out the remainder of his parole.

During his active years as a spy, Lalas passed an estimated 700 highly classified documents, that included U.S. gathered intelligence information of Turkish military strategy in the Aegean Sea and Cyprus, and U.S. diplomatic assessments and views on the Republic of Macedonia. link 

KYP NOT GRIP (as in flu) ! The assassination of Greek Cypriot politician Polycarpos Georgjadis in 1970.

Greek Cypriot politician,  Polycarpos Georgjadis tells British journalist, Kenneth McKenzie of the Economist magazine, of his fear of Greek Intelligence before being killed. link 

1971 - The murder of British radio journalist Ann Chapman by the Greek Intelligence Service (KYP).

The Canberra Times (ACT), Sunday 24 May 1987, page 9.

"Ann Chapman was a 25-year old freelance journalist working for Radio London who was murdered in Greece in October 1971, her strangled corpse being found in a patch of scrub a short distance from her hotel at a resort about 20 kilometres south of Athens. Ostensibly having a free trip as part of a group tour for tourist publicity purposes, she had actually gone to Greece with hopes of uncovering a major story to the detriment of the military junta that then ruled the country. Members of a London based resistance group - using the term in its loosest sense - with which she had associated for some time had supplied her with a list of contacts.

"Poor, naive Ann. A late developer, seriously minded, self-contained, quite attractive yet leading a remarkably passionless existence, with all the ambition of youth and the enthusiasm of ignorance, she was not to fully appreciate the risk she ran by coming to the notice of the Greek intelligence service, which had kept a balefully close eye on all overseas anti-junta elements. They not only kidnapped, interrogated and killed her, but then in the best tradition of secret service ineptitude tried to make it appear that she had been murdered after agreeing to a casual sexual encounter in an adjoining field with a semi-literate labourer she had just met while waiting at a bus stop.

"The scapegoat prevailed upon to stand trial for the murder, Nicholas Moundis, was a known sexual pervert, unfortunate enough to have been within a few kilometres of the alleged murder location on the night Ann went missing and gullible enough to agree to a mas sive bribe if he confessed. What passed for prosecution in the subsequent court proceedings became black farce.

"Not knowing the background to Ann's death, the first police officer and forensic expert at the scene after her body was discovered carried out a reasonably professional job in examining and reporting on the corpse and its immediate environs. When later produced as witnesses, and aware that some sort of high-level official conspiracy was afoot, they had to backtrack clumsily to produce evidence to fit the intelligence service's desired cover-story."

Friday, August 07, 2015

ISIS & ELLAS - Greek State threatened Australia


by Sasha Uzunov

ISIS & ELLAS ! Decades before the Islamic State posed a threat to Australia, the Hellenic State (Greece) threatened to destroy Melbourne if its demands over a Macedonian issue were not met.

In 1988 this threat was delivered in person by a Greek government official to an Australian diplomat in Athens…according to a declassified Australian Foreign Affairs Department file on Macedonia

Greece threatened violence on the streets of Melbourne if its controversial “Ancient Macedonian Exhibition” in Australia was cancelled or delayed.


“…an [Australian] Embassy representative was summoned in September 1988 to the office of the Greek Ministry of Culture’s Director of Antiquities, Mr J. Tzedakis, who told him that if the decision was further delayed the Greek Government would prompt the Greek community in Melbourne to “tear the city apart, brick by brick.”

Report contained in newly de-classified AUSTRALIAN Foreign Affairs department File on diplomatic relations between Australia and SR Macedonia 1971-89.
 National Archives of Australia. link is at 


1988 - Shameful treatment. Greece's Culture Minister and former Actress Melina Mercouri (PASOK party) abuses Australia's Ambassador to Greece, Kevin Gates, over MACEDONIA issue. She then nastily leaks the story to the Greek humiliate him, according to the AUSTRALIAN Foreign Affairs Department file.

During an "Ancient Macedonia exhibition" sponsored by Greece in Australia, visiting Greek President Christos Sartzetakis deliberately provoked the Australian-Macedonian community for political point scoring, according to the same report.

In 1912-13, Macedonia which had been under Turkish Ottoman rule for over 450 years was partitioned between Serbia (later Yugoslavia), Greece, Bulgaria and with a very tiny piece given to Albania.

Macedonians were forcibly assimilated and denied a right to their language and culture. In 1944, after a successful Macedonian partizan resistence movement developed, a Macedonian Republic became a federal unit within Marshal Tito’s Communist Yugoslavia. However, soon there where rumblings of discontent with rising Serb nationalism in Tito’s Yugoslavia.

Macedonians in the others parts were treated far worse. Greece, Bulgaria refuse to recognise the existence of a Macedonian ethnic minority within their borders.

During the Greek Civil War (1946-49), Macedonians were promised autonomy and so threw in their lost with the Greek Communists and their fight against the Greek monarchy supported by Britain and the United States at the very beginning of the Cold War.

With the Greek Communists losing, thousands of ethnic Macedonians fled across the border to the Macedonian Republic within Yugoslavia to avoid being massacred. When Tito and the Soviet Union had a falling out in 1948-49, and closed the border, it in effect sealed the fate of the Greek Communist uprising. Some Macedonian fighters where then forced to flee to Enver Hodzha’s Albania and resettled in the Soviet Bloc. Many made their way to Australia, Canada, the United States.

In 1988 a conference of Macedonian Refugee Children who fled during the Greece Civil War (1946-49) was held in Skopje, the capital of the then Socialist Republic of Macedonia, Federal Yugoslavia. Many of the participants, now in their 50s and 60s holding Australian or Canadian passports were refused entry into Greece. The Australian Foreign Affairs department was informed of this but fearing Greek reaction tried to keep quiet a meeting between a Macedonian delegation and an Australian diplomatic representative.

A large number of these people were still not allowed to return to their Macedonian villages within the modern Greek state. Some despite holding Australian passports were returned at the Greek border or arrested at Athen airport and deported for the only “crime” of being Macedonian.

1988 - Mr and Mrs Miovski, Australian citizens inform Australian diplomats of their arrest in Athens.

The Republic of Macedonia declared independence from the then Federal Yugoslavia in September 1991 and Greece has refused to recognise the country under its constiutional name and refers to it as FYROM (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia), which originally was a temporary designation with the United Nations.

The United States and over a hundred countries recognise Macedonia under its name, with the exception of the European Union. Greece, a member of the EU, has blocked Macedonia’s membership application, likewise its joing of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO).

Monday, July 06, 2015

FILM IMITATES LIFE - Who ordered the CODE RED at the 1988 Sydney Yugoslav Consulate?

FILM IMITATES LIFE - Who ordered the CODE RED at the 1988 Sydney Yugoslav Consulate?
THE SHOOTER - Zoran Matijas. A lowly-ranked Yugoslav Consul guard who did not have diplomatic immunity. He was revealed to be the shooter of a 16 year old Croat demonstrator outside the Yugoslav Consulate in Sydney, Australia. Tokic did not in any way pose a threat. Mystery still remains as to why he was shot. TEAM UZUNOV, citing newly released Australian Security Intelligence (ASIO) files, reveals some startling new facts - link to COMRADE TITO GAMES
But those who understand the modus operandi of Yugoslav intelligence (UDBa aka SDB); it was a ruthlessly efficient, disciplined service which killed more overseas dissidents than the Soviet KGB.
Matijas to have opened fire, "spontaneously," remains unlikely for the reason outlined above and secondly, the Australian Federal Police in sending reinforcements to the Yugoslav consulate were deliberately denied access three times by Consular staff until eventually allowed in and then had restored order when Matijas opened fire.
Kaffee: Colonel Jessup, did you order the Code Red?!
Judge Randolph: You don't have to answer that question!
Jessup: I'll answer the question. You want answers?
Kaffee: I think I'm entitled!
Jessup: You want answers?!
Kaffee: I want the truth!
Jessup: You can't handle the truth! Son, we live in a world that has walls, and those walls have to be guarded by men with guns….
Kaffee: Did you order the Code Red?
Jessup: I did the job that—-
Kaffee: Did you order the Code Red?!!

Prosecutor: SDB Commander (Nacelnik), did you order the Code Red?!
Judge: You don't have to answer that question!
SDB Commander: I'll answer the question. You want answers?
Prosecutor: I think I'm entitled!
SDB Commander: You want answers?!
Prosecutor: I want the truth!
SDB Commander: You can't handle the truth! Son, we live in a world that has walls, and those diplomatic walls have to be guarded by men with guns…
Prosecutor: Did you order the Code Red?
SDB Commander: I did the job that—-
Prosecutor: Did you order the Code Red?!!

Friday, July 03, 2015



We have an idea who made the threat. But that will not stop us from writing about the activities of the old Yugoslav intelligence service (UDBa / SDB).

Thursday, June 25, 2015

COMRADE TITO GAMES - Martin Trenevski

Martin "Jack Ryan" Trenevski: COMRADE TITO GAMES?
Our follow up to the Martin Trenevski story from last night… see link 

Sometimes reality is stranger than fiction but was Martin Trenevski, the Yugoslav intelligence operative under journalism cover in Australia, Yugoslavia's real life version of Tom Clancy's fictional CIA character Jack Ryan played by Hollywood star Harrison Ford….?

Some interesting similarities… Both academics and intelligence operatives; both with a wife in a professional career, lawyer, surgeon etc., and a young daughter.

Martin Trenevski – Macedonia’s recent Ambassador to NATO and his previous role as a Yugoslav intelligence officer under journalistic cover in Australia (1985-89).

- 16 year old Joseph Tokic shot and wounded in the neck by Yugoslav consular guard in Sydney during protest in 1988.

Australia’s Croatian community, including the Tokic family, deserves an answer:
By Sasha Uzunov.

Newly declassified Australian Security Intelligence Organisation (ASIO) files reveal that Martin Trenevski, a recent Macedonian Ambassador to NATO, was a Yugoslav intelligence officer under journalistic cover in the late 1980s and may have played a major role in a shooting incident during a Croatian demonstration outside the Yugoslav consulate in Sydney in 1988.

Trenevski arrived in Australia in early 1986 as the correspondent for the Yugoslav state news agency, Tanjug, modelled on the Soviet Union's TASS.

Sixteen old Josef Tokic was shot and wounded in the neck by Yugoslav consular guard, Zoran Matijas, in Sydney during the protest on Sunday 27 November 1988, two days before Communist Yugoslavia’s national day.

Over 1,500 Croats had gathered outside the Yugoslav consulate to protest at the rising level of Serbian nationalism within Federal Communist Yugoslavia, especially with the advent of Serbian republican leader Slobodan Milosevic.

Two NSW Police Special Branch officers, counter-terrorist specialists, were on hand, plus many Australian Protective Services officers from the Australian Federal Police, whilst at about the same time a large Macedonian protest against visiting Greek President Christos Sartzetakis took place elsewhere in Sydney.

A group of Croatian youths scaled a fence surrounding the Yugoslav consulate in the exclusive suburb of Woollhara and headed for the flagpole to take down the Yugoslav flag. Tokic was outside the Consulate gates and not part of the flag raiding party.

Consular guard Zoran Matijas then fired, what he claimed, was a warning shot in the air which hit Josef Tokic in the neck, who was rushed by ambulance to hospital and saved by emergency surgery.

The incident received worldwide exposure and condemnation of Yugoslavia.

It remains unknown if Matijas fired out of panic, out of a genuine fear for his life, or out of premeditation. Or if he had decided himself or had been ordered to shoot by the senior ranking intelligence officer, which would have been Trenevski, on the spot or by the order of the Yugoslav Consul-General, Stanojlo Glisic.

Australia's Foreign Minister Gareth Evans disputed the Yugoslav claim that the shot that hit young Tokic was a warning shot fired into the air that ricochet into him but a deliberately aimed shot fired horizontally with the intention to cause damage. 

Extract from The Canberra Times newspaper report , 2 December 1988. see link here
Senator Evans said that yesterday's decision followed evidence given to him by police that the bullet which injured Josef had not been fired in the air, as the Yugoslavs have claimed, but horizontally.
"We accept that some shots were fired in the air but the evidence that I'm aware of, on the basis of an oral briefing given to me today, is that the crucial shot was not in fact fired in the air but fired more or less horizontally," he said. "I wanted to be satisfied that there was strong prima-face evidence; I am so satisfied "
Senator Evans also disputed claims by the Consul-General, Stanojlo Glisic, that he had been attacked during the demonstration and that this had, in part, led to the shots being fired. Senator Evans said this claim was "not justified by any other evidence available to me".
Dr Cizelj said last night that he had been "unpleasantly surprised" over the ultimatum delivered by the Australian Government threatening to close down the Yugoslav Consulate in Sydney.
"I do think it could have been dealt with in a way which would achieve a better result," he said.
Dr Cizelj said at a press conference earlier yesterday that the shots had been warning shots and had never been directed at the crowd. He said initially that the bullet which ricocheted into Josef's neck had been from a shot fired into the ground, but later changed this to agree with the Consul-General's position that all shots had been fired into the air.
He said the event was "most regretable" and Yugoslav authorities were "very sympathetic to the Tokic family", but he stopped short of an official apology.

A detailed report on the incident can be found at this link which reveals that the Yugoslav consulate had refused to respond to APS's repeated requests to enter the compound and bolster the security before any of the protesters had jumped the fence and trespassed, which is puzzling. By the time the APS were allowed in, the situation had calmed down and there was no threat, when the shooting occurred.

An ASIO report revealed that two NSW Police Special Branch officers, Bruce Mohr and George Georgiou who were on duty during at the Yugoslav Consulate noticed a man, fitting Martin Trenevski's description, who had ordered Yugoslav intelligence officers, Milos Bogicevic and the Stanojle Glisic, the Consul-General and (SID officer - Yugoslav Foreign Ministry intelligence unit) to stop talking to the police officers.

Mohr observed that this as yet unknown individual outranked the two Yugoslav officers.

Mohr, was later shown photographs but couldn't identify Trenevski in the mugshots but on later seeing him on television believed it was Trenevski

THE BELGIAN ALIBI - play acting ?

After the shooting and the huge political fallout as a result, Trenevski came up with a "Belgian Alibi." In a telephone conversation, intercepted by ASIO, between Trenevski and the Yugoslav Ambassador Dr Boris Cizelj, an ethnic Slovenian, Trenevski claimed he had received a tip off from an unnamed Belgium journalist.

The Belgian journalist told Trenevski that the Belgian Consul had observed some suspicious characters loitering near the Yugoslav Consulate.

Trenevski then concluded that the Croatian demonstration and resulting shooting was caused by a premeditated plot by Croats.

The Australian authorities did not buy it and closed the consulate down, with the diplomatic staff including the shooter Zoran Matijas were ordered to leave the country.

The Yugoslav consulate in Sydney was reopened in 1990 with Miodrag Ilickovic (see link) taking the reins as Consul-General but by 1991 Yugoslavia ceased to exist as a federal state with war breaking out and Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia and Bosnia declaring their independence.

THE DISTURBING QUESTION - did Trenevski give the order to shoot?

We know from ASIO documents in his file that Trenevski was aware that his phone calls were being bugged by ASIO, which noted he was speaking in code. Therefore, it is within the realm of possibility to ask why the need to let ASIO know, via the bugged phone calls, of the Belgian alibi? Was he covering his tracks? Did he give the order to Zoran Matijas, the Consular guard to shoot?

ASIO made a note of Trenevski meeting with Matjas a year before the shooting.

About a fortnight after the shooting, on 6 December 1988, ASIO put out an alert on Trenevski to be monitored for suspected espionage / terrorism.

Within four months of the incident, he left the country in March 1989 about a year short of his planned four year tour of duty as the Tanjug correspondent. We can only speculate that ASIO where onto him and he decided to leave Australia.

UPDATE- EXCLUSIVE - National Archives of Australia.

The Australian Security Intelligence Organisation (ASIO) has released the declassified secret file on Zoran Matijas, the Sarajevo born Yugoslav Consulate guard in Sydney, Australia, the man named as the shooter of Croat-Australian teenage protestor Josip Tokic in 1988.

The file reveals the incredible amount of deception employed by the Yugoslav government and its diplomats, including the Yugoslav Ambassador to Australia, Boris Cizelj, a pro-Belgrade Slovene, over the shooting incident and the cruel “joy” they felt in shooting young Josip, who was standing outside of the Consulate on the footpath with no intention of trespassing…

Also, when the Australian government closed down the consulate and expelled the staff because Matijas and his gun were not handed over to Australian police for investigation, two major Yugoslav intelligence (UDBa/SDB) officers, Milos Bogicevic and Nebojsa Vujovic, were also expelled and their major intelligence operation in Australia closed down !

ASIO noted that they were running agents, informers, in Australia.

link to file: