Monday, March 12, 2018


by Sasha Uzunov

A Balkan Insight news website journalist in Macedonia has called for a controversial monument to a hard core 1930s Serb colonial Mayor/architect Josif Mihailovic of Skopje, now the capital of the Republic of Macedonia, to be built in the centre of that city in the place of Alexander the Great.

Mr Goce Trpkovski, who writes for a number of publications including Balkan Insight, has posted on social media a call for a monument to Mihailovic. (related story at this link )

Mihailovic was an architect and loyal monarchist handpicked by the then Serb King Alexander I in 1929 to become Mayor and Chief Architect of Skopje, the major city of Macedonia then under brutal Serbian colonial rule (lasting from 1912 to 1941).

The Macedonian language and identity were banned under Serbian colonial rule and a policy of forced Serbianisation was in place.

A 1941 British Foreign Office report on “colonialism” in what it's now the Republic of Macedonia -

His Majesty's British Minister to Belgrade, R.I. Campbell writing to Lord Halifax, Her Majesty's British Foreign Secretary, in 1941:

"Since the occupation by Serbia in 1913 of the Macedonian districts, the Government has carried out in this area, with greater or lesser severity, a policy of suppression and assimilation. In the years  following the Great War land was taken away from the inhabitants and given to Serbian colonists. Macedonians were compelled to change their names and the Government did little or nothing to assist the economic development of the country…"

Citation: British Foreign Office document - FO371/29785, Campbell (Belgrade) to Halifax, 6 January 1941.
The purpose of building up Skopje in the 1930s would have been to attract Serb colonialists to Macedonia and to turn Skopje, referred to as Skoplje in Serbian, into a Serbian city.

Mihailovic was Mayor of Skopje (1929-36 and 1939-41) during a brutal crackdown on Macedonians seeking independence from Serbian rule. He was immensely loyal to King Alexander I, later assassinated in France in 1934. (pictured below).

Mihailovic does have a street named after him in present day Skopje despite his past controversial role in a colonial regime which brutally repressed Macedonians.

A 1926 British Foreign Office report on Macedonia -

British Diplomat RA Gallop:

"The most striking thing to one familiar with North Serbia [Serbia proper], who has been accustomed to hear Macedonia described as Southern Serbia and its inhabitants as Serbs, was the complete difference of atmosphere which was noticeable almost as soon as we had crossed the pre-1913 frontier some miles south of Vranje. One felt as though one had entered a foreign country. Officials and officers from North Serbia seemed to feel this too, and I noticed especially in the cafes and hotels of Skopje that they formed groups by themselves and mixed little with the Macedo-Slavs. Those of the latter that I met were equally insistent on calling themselves neither Serbs nor Bulgars, but Macedonians.... There seemed to be no love lost for the Bulgars in most places. Their brutality during the war had lost them the affection even of those who before the Balkan War had been their friends."

Citation: FO371/11405, Kennard (Belgrade) to A. Chamberlain, 21 April 1926, Enclosure, R.A. Gallop, “Conditions in Macedonia,” 19 April 1926. - link

-This 1930 newspaper article reports on the harshness of Serbian rule towards Macedonians and Croats. link here

Macedonia had been one territory under Ottoman Turkish Imperial rule for close to 500 years when it was partitioned by Serbia, Greece and Bulgaria in 1912-13 during the Balkan Wars which saw the Turks expelled from Macedonia. The new occupiers of Macedonia began their own brutal colonisation.

The part under Serbian rule was occupied by fascist Bulgaria in 1941 until 1944 during World War II. A native Macedonian partisan resistance movement sprung up consisting of an unofficial alliance of Macedonian communists aligned with Marshal Tito and Macedonian non-communists led by Metodija Andonov Cento. Macedonia was elevated to republican status in Tito’s Yugoslavia but a ruthless clampdown on former non communist wartime allies followed in 1946 with the imprisonment of Cento on trumped up charges during an infamous show trial.

1933 article in the American press - Mihailovich’s loyalty to his Serbian King Alexander. He had been dissuaded from leaving his post - leaving not so much over the concerns for the welfare and human rights of the local native ethnic Macedonian population but more out of fatigue at the amount of work he put in into turning Skopje into a Serbian colonial outpost.

- see link here 

CIA Archives - US Presidential memorandum

1944-45:- Macedonians don’t want return of Serbian King nor colonialism.

US Presidential memorandum - World War II - Stalin urges Macedonia receive representation in post war Yugoslavia:

"You have not the territory of Russia nor the people of Russia. You are a small country of small landowners in the heart of Europe. You will have to build your state upon democratic principles with equal representation for all the national groups of Yugoslavia. You will have to seek economic assistance from America the way we here in Russia are planning to do after the war is over.' Stalin, according to Subasic, spoke in ‘very warm terms about the United States.

“Discussing the monarchy, Stalin wanted to know from Subasic what the people’s feelings are about [Serb] King Peter, II. [ex Yugoslav royalist politican Ivan] Subasic confided in me for the first time that the King is not popular in Croatia, Macedonia and Slovenia but that he has some following, of course, in Serbia, and that he told this to Stalin...” link here


In September 1991 Macedonia declared independence from Yugoslavia but has had Greece as a constant thorn in its side; Greece and Bulgaria refuses to recognise the existence of Macedonians.

Macedonians in Greece and Bulgaria have fared worse than their ethnic kin in the Republic of Macedonia, which now faces an existential threat to its very existence over its name and identity - which are being used as blackmail by Greece and Bulgaria in order for Macedonia to join the European Union and NATO, of which Greece and Bulgaria are both members of.

Trump and Macedonia - part 1 - “The Draskovic Double Act.”
see link here

Saturday, March 03, 2018

AUSTRALIA’S AMBASSADOR: worrying trend Albanian Nazi statues in Macedonia

by Sasha Uzunov

Australia’s Ambassador to the Republic of Macedonia, Ms Julia Feeney, said there are “worrying trends” about the rise of neo fascism in Europe in response to Australian-Macedonian concerns over Albanian Nazi collaborator statues that have popped up in Macedonia in recent times.

“We are concerned about the rise of new fascism and extremism wherever it occurs and agree there are some worrying trends in Europe at this time,” she told TEAM UZUNOV blog.

A TEAM UZUNOV blog investigation (see links here and here) has uncovered two statues “honouring” World War II Nazi collaborators built by Macedonia’s ethnic Albanian political bloc - the first in 2006 and the second in 2015. So far the Germany Deputy Ambassador Marco Aquatacci and the Council of Europe, the continent’s peak human rights watch dog, have reacted to concerns - put by TEAM UZUNOV blog - over these statues but there has been silence, so far, from the Macedonia’s Deputy Prime Minister Mr Bujar Osmani, from ethnic Albanian nationalist party DUI - a coalition partner of Prime Minister Mr Zoran Zaev’s government - the US Ambassador to Macedonia Mr Jess Baily, and NATO Secretary General Mr Jens Stoltenberg amongst others.

A kind of unofficial media and political blackout has been imposed over the issue in Macedonia - believed to be due to the Albanian political bloc in Macedonia being staunchly pro American and a close ally of Washington. Raising such an issue over the statues would no doubt paint the US in a negative light. - (see links here and here )

The controversial Albanian “Nazi collaborator statues” in the Republic of Macedonia. Top: Xhem Hasa in the village of Simnica, near the town of Gostivar. Bottom: Aqif Krosi Recani in the village of Recan, near Gostivar. Both figures were leaders of the Albanian nationalist militia Balli Kombetar in western Macedonia during World War II. The Balli Kombetar collaborated with Nazi Germany in conducting of ethnic cleansing of native ethnic Macedonians as well as murdering Albanians opposed to fascism. According to US author Richard Raschke, the Balli Kombetar’s overall leader Midhat Fraseri was actively involved in the Holocaust against the Jewish people.

Macedonian identity has come under ferocious attack from all quarters under the banner of “anti nationalism” and “anti corruption” - neighbouring Greece, Bulgaria as well the Albanian political bloc in Macedonia and some leading Serb commentators and politicians in Macedonia, including the country’s Defence Minister Radmila Sekerinska. - (see link here)

Many native ethnic Macedonians sees this as a poorly disguised attempt to erase their identity and name and are angered at this targeting since they have been victims of Greek, Serb and Bulgar colonialism beginning in 1912-13 with the partition of their traditional homeland. The part under Serbian colonial rule became a republic - de facto Macedonian nation state - in Tito’s federal Yugoslavia after World War II.

Macedonia, since gaining independence in 1991 from Yugoslavia, has been pressured by Greece to change its name in order to gain European Union and NATO membership. Greece and Bulgaria, both EU and NATO members, deny the existence of a Macedonian nationality or a Macedonian minority living within their borders. They have exacted a huge price in demands in order to allow Macedonia to gain membership to both the EU and NATO. - (see links here and here)

In 2001 the Kosovo Liberation Army invaded Macedonia in an attempt to take territory and create a Greater Albania but it was foiled by the country’s security forces - police and army - after being initially on the back foot.

Ambassador Feeney said she would watch closely the situation in Macedonia:

"I can assure you that Australian Embassy has, and will continue to, monitor political developments in-country. As we embrace diversity in Australia, here too we consider all Macedonian citizens equally, regardless of their ethnic backgrounds.  Australia continues to support the advancement of peace, democratic freedom and tolerance in the Western Balkans region.”

Australia has an Embassy to Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia in Belgrade, the Serb capital, despite there being more Macedonians than Serbs in Australia. Australia because of strong Greek lobbying recognises Macedonia under the term “Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” whilst the US, Canada and over 120 odd countries recognise it under its constitutional name of Republic of Macedonia. (see link here)

Australian Macedonians will be holding nation wide rallies in the major cities - Sydney, Melbourne, Perth - on Sunday 4 March in support of Macedonia’s name and identity. 

Jewish Holocaust Centre, Skopje, Macedonia.

2011 - A museum dedicated to the memory of the Jews of Macedonia who perished in the Shoah has been inaugurated in the former Yugoslav republic, in the presence of the country’s president and representatives of international Jewish organisations, including the World Jewish Congress (WJC).

In his speech, the WJC’s Research Director Laurence Weinbaum pointed out that no Jewish community in Europe had suffered a greater degree of destruction than the Macedonian one. 

Referring to Macedonia's principled stand on the restitution issue and to its unwavering friendship with Jews and Israel, he said:

"In much of contemporary Europe, dead Jews are respected, but live ones are defamed. You honor the dead and the living, and in so doing you have set an example to which other nations should aspire. There are nations that are larger, richer, better known and more powerful than Macedonia, but none more decent, gracious, good-hearted and noble.” see link here



Monday, February 26, 2018


The Strange case of Dr BUJAR & Mr OSMANI - two faces of Bujar Osmani

There are not many Prime Ministers or deputy Prime Ministers who belong to political parties that build Nazi collaborator statues.

German Prime Minister (Federal Chancellor) Angela Merkel and her deputy don't. But Macedonia’s Deputy Prime Minister Bujar Osmani has that dubious "honour" - and he cynically pretended to commemorate the Holocaust a few weeks ago.

Albanian Nazi quisling militia Balli Kombetar took part in the Holocaust during WW2, according to US author Richard Raschke.

Yet there is silence over Balli Kombetar statues in Macedonia recently built by ethnic Albanian party DUI (BDI) whose members include Ali Ahmeti, Nevzat Bejta, Artan Grubi and Macedonia’s Deputy Prime Minister Bujar Osmani.

Osmani, a medical doctor by profession, has come across as well groomed, well spoken and a highly intelligent political operator for western audiences but beneath the exterior is a man whose political party DUI has neo fascist views. see links here and here

He has never publicly distanced himself from those views held by his DUI colleagues nor spoken out over the Balli Kombetar statues built in the past decade.

Silence on this issue sends the wrong message to both the international community and native ethnic Macedonians in the Republic of Macedonia.

Author Richard Raschke on the Balli Kombetar’s role in World War II - link here 

Both the Macedonian and international media have given Osmani and the Albanian political bloc a free ride over the Nazi collaborator statues, not once asking him or the Albanian bloc about them. This is mainly due to strong US support for the Albanian political bloc in Macedonia.

Sources within the Jewish community abroad and in Macedonia have told TEAM UZUNOV blog that there is a reluctance to speak out because of the very small size of the remaining Jewish community in Macedonia, largely wiped out during World War II at the hands of the Nazis and collaborationist Kingdom of Bulgaria, which had occupied Macedonia - what is now the Republic of Macedonia - from 1941 to 1944.

“We’re playing it cool for now and hoping that Albanian leaders in Macedonia will eventually remove these statues,” one source told TEAM UZUNOV.

Jewish Holocaust Centre, Skopje, Macedonia.

2011 - A museum dedicated to the memory of the Jews of Macedonia who perished in the Shoah has been inaugurated in the former Yugoslav republic, in the presence of the country’s president and representatives of international Jewish organisations, including the World Jewish Congress (WJC).

In his speech, the WJC’s Research Director Laurence Weinbaum pointed out that no Jewish community in Europe had suffered a greater degree of destruction than the Macedonian one. 

Referring to Macedonia's principled stand on the restitution issue and to its unwavering friendship with Jews and Israel, he said:

"In much of contemporary Europe, dead Jews are respected, but live ones are defamed. You honor the dead and the living, and in so doing you have set an example to which other nations should aspire. There are nations that are larger, richer, better known and more powerful than Macedonia, but none more decent, gracious, good-hearted and noble.” see link here

TEAM UZUNOV contacted Deputy Prime Minister Dr Bujar Osmani for a response but so far none has been forthcoming - email below

From: Sasha Uzunov
Sent: Tuesday, 6 February 2018 8:58 AM
To: cabinet@sep.gov.mk; melani.novakovska@sep.gov.mk
Subject: Attention Mr Bujar Osmani & Holocaust commeration

Attention Mr Bujar Osmani
Deputy Prime Minister, Macedonia
Secretariat for European Affairs
Kej Dimitar Vlahov nr.4
1000 Skopje
The former building of Komercijalna Bank, behind Hotel Stone Bridge
Republic of Macedonia
Phone: +389 (0) 2 3200-104
Fax: ++389 (0) 2 311 45 69
e-mail: cabinet@sep.gov.mk
Mrs. Melani Novakovska
Head of sector for management and public relations
Tel: +389 (0) 2 3200-137
Секретаријат за европски прашања
Кеј Димитар Влахов, бр.4
1000 Скопје
Поранешна зграда на Комерцијална Банка, позади Хотел Стоун Бриџ
Република Македонија
Тел: +389 (0) 2 3200-104
Факс: +389 (0) 2 311 45 69
е-пошта: cabinet@sep.gov.mk
Subject: World War II Albanian Nazi collaborator statues

Dear Mr Osmani,

My name is Sasha Uzunov, an Australian journalist who was recently in Macedonia. I have worked in Iraq and Afghanistan. I am also a former Australian soldier.

I wanted to ask you some questions:

 1. The German Deputy Ambassador Mr Marco Acquaticci has responded to concerns over controversial World War II Albanian Nazi collaborator statues built in western Macedonia and supported by your political party, DUI. You have remained silent. Why is that?



2. Isn't it a contradiction to commemorate the Jewish Holocaust and to support statues to the Balli Kombetar, a Nazi quisling milita?

3. You have pushed for bi-lingualism in Macedonia but by keeping quiet and not opposing controversial Albanian statues why should native ethnic Macedonians trust your intentions behind bi-lingualism?

4. Are you aware that in 2007 the US Embassy in Macedonia opposed bi-lingualism in Macedonia? Link:


Friday, February 23, 2018

COUNCIL OF EUROPE - Macedonians concerned over extremism

by Sasha Uzunov

The Council of Europe, the continent’s top human rights body, has reacted to concerns from indigenous ethnic Macedonians from the Republic of Macedonia over what they say is a ferocious attack on their native identity and rising neo-Albanian fascism.

TEAM UZUNOV BLOG initially contacted Ms Dunja Mijatovic who is in the process of leaving her old position with the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) to assume the top job, Commissioner for Human Rights, Council of Europe (COE).

“The new Commissioner takes up office in April and, as the previous ones, she will continue to follow closely the situation of media freedom and extremism in all our member states,” said Mr Stefano Montanari, an official COE spokesman.

Concerns have been raised in the Republic of Macedonia over the rise of neo Albanian fascism over the past decade with the build of statues to controversial Albanian leaders who collaborated with Nazi Germany in western Macedonia during World War II. The Balli Kombetar, a Nazi German quisling militia which murdered Macedonians and Albanians opposed to fascism, was led by Xhem Hasa. A statue was built in to “honour” Hasa by the Albanian political bloc within the government coalition in 2006. That statue and a second more recent one to another Balli Kombetar commander are both situated near the town of Gostivar, in western Macedonia.

The Balli Kombetar under Italian Fascist and later Nazi German patronage established a short-lived “Greater Albania” which sought to ethnically cleanse native Macedonians from western Macedonia. It is an extremist ideology that is widely supported by current day ethnic Albanian leaders in Macedonia such as Ali Ahmeti of the DUI party, who in 2001, started a war in Macedonia but was “pardoned” after strong arm twisting from the US in the background.

Macedonia has a Holocaust Museum in Skopje, the capital city, dedicated to the Jewish victims deported to Nazi death camps by Nazi Germany’s then ally, the Kingdom of Bulgaria, which in 1941 had occupied what is now the Republic of Macedonia. It also has numerous other monuments which specifically highlight the resistance to fascists like the Balli Kombetar.

And yet, a deliberate silence has fallen over the Albanian Nazi statues in Macedonia. In other parts of Europe, such as Austria, there has been quick condemnation of any neo Nazi activity. The Deputy German Ambassador to Macedonia commented on the Balli Kombetar statues, while the US Ambassador Mr. Jess Baily has declined, as have a number of organisations. link here

The Albanian political bloc is seen as staunchly pro-US and there has been a reluctance to openly discuss any controversial statues that put them in a negative light.
Indigenous ethnic Macedonians also have been alarmed by the ferocious attack on their native identity by some prominent Serbs in Macedonia’s media and political circles. Journalist and “human rights activist” Borjan Jovanovski (pictured left), Defence Minister Radmila Sekerinska, Skopje-area suburban Mayor Sasa Bogdanovic, the so-called “Colour Revolutionary” Pavle Bogoevski, and a host of others. They regularly attack Macedonian patriotism under the banner of “anti-nationalism” - but it is an “anti-nationalism” which ignores the Albanian Nazi statues or incidents of Serb nationalism over the past three decades, including the 1999 attack on the US Embassy in Macedonia by Serb extremists.

UPDATE: Good Serb, Bad Serb routine !

The “bad guys” template is collage of Russians and Serbs who are Interchangeable and the “good guys” are the Serbs who are pro NATO in Macedonia even though they might actually share some of the views of the former group. It’s really nasty ethnic baiting from the West - which aims to create confusion and hatred.

News website Balkan Insight’s hilarious and contradictory “Good Serb, Bad Serb” routine in Macedonia ! 

Controversial Russian “philosopher” Alexander Dugin was in town recently, Skopje, the Macedonian capital to offer his thoughts to a new pro Russian party called Edinstvena Makedonija (United Macedonia). see link here . He stands accused of whipping up anti West sentiment in Macedonia.

The story outlines Dugin’s Pan Slavist views and his calls for close ties between Russia, Serbia and Macedonia as well as his controversial links to Serbian monarchist groups. The reporter of the Dugin story, Goce Trpkovski, bizarrely and paradoxically on social media calls for a statue to be built to a controversial Serbian Colonial Mayor of Skopje and architect, Joseph Mihailovich. see link here 

BALKAN INSIGHT’S OWN SERB MONARCHIST FAN? Reporter Sinisa Jakov Marusic. - see link here 
Russian President Vladimir Putin’s court philosopher Dugin is the “Bad Serb” in this scenario but the “Good Serb” - though not mentioned in the story is Borjan Jovanovski (pictured above) who shares some of the same views of Dugin such as the Tsarist Russian inspired Pan Slavism but he goes “one better” than Dugin in terms of “Slav union”- at one stage calling for Macedonia to return to defacto Serb Yugoslavist federal rule. A move that would probably spark civil war in Macedonia. see link here and here

Jovanovski and his supporters have stubbornly refused to protest against “Serb-Russian interference” in Macedonia outside the Serb Embassy. This is strange. see link here  The only “protests” are tweets on social media - that’s the extent.

But you have to ask why are some who hold Serb chauvinist views in Macedonia but who have cleverly hidden behind the pretext of so called “anti nationalism” never called to account? It might have to do with supporting NATO and US foreign policy. The US Embassy in Macedonia doesn’t deny the chauvinistic views of its supporters such as Jovanovski. see link here

If anything the unrestrained chauvinistic behaviour of Borjan Jovanovski, Sasa Bogdanovic-Srpce etc towards ethnic Macedonians has created enormous anti west sentiment in #macedonia. You don’t need a so called “Russian philosopher” Dugin to light the fuse on that... you can thank US Ambassador Jess Baily & co for that ! see links here and here

Macedonian governing party SDSM’s Bogdanovic, the Mayor of the Skopje municipality of Centre (Opstina Centar) even invokes Serb nationalist hero Gavrilo Princip with relish, cleverly inferring or implying that “Gabriel Principle” (a pun or word play on Gavrilo Princip) is needed in Macedonia. Princip is known in history as the assassin of Austrian Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand in 1914 which triggered World War I. see link here 

There seems to be a deliberate schizophrenic policy here....to confuse and polarise Macedonians and create hatred between Macedonians, Serbs, Russians, Albanians and so on.

THE SOROS CLICHE - racist stereotype of Macedonians retweaked?

The Soros cliche used is an old idea re-tweaked many times- it revolves around mislabelling any kind of independent Macedonian behaviour as “nationalist” or “extreme” or lumping Macedonians in with Serbs and Montenegrins in an “evil Slav” template against Albanians.

It is in fact a racist stereotype of Macedonians, which enlightened people including Serb, Greek intellectuals and westerners in general don’t accept these stereotypes.

Ironically, this is a legacy of Serbian colonial rule in (Vardarska) Macedonia (1912-41). This concept was heavily modified and used in Tito’s Yugoslavia where people who didn’t toe the Communist party line were attacked as “nationalist” regardless if they were or were not.

It is puzzling me why young Macedonians who work for these NGOs are not aware of the racist origins of the mislabelling technique. Didn’t they ever teach them post Balkan Wars & pre World World II history about all three parts of Macedonia in schools in SR Macedonia and later in Republic of  Macedonia? (1912-41).

Likewise with Greek colonialism in Macedonia but with a slight difference - Macedonian “nationalists” are “communist inventions” of Tito and Stalin in 1944.

Bulgarian nationalists uses the Greek template - Macedonia is a “communist invention” and Macedonians are nothing more wayward “West Bulgars”.... etc etc.

This mislabelling technique is a deliberate strategy in order to paint ordinary Macedonians standing up for themselves as “extremists” and thereby satisfying Greek, Bulgar and Albanian nationalist demands and to a lesser extent some Serb extremists. 

Photo Credit: OSCE/Curtis Budden ID 97672 Date 29 November 2012

Original Questions emailed to Ms Dunja Mijatovic:


You are an expert on human rights and media freedoms. I wanted to draw your attention to matters in Macedonia. A number of prominent Serbs in Macedonia - journalist & “human rights activist” Borjan Jovanovski, Defence Minister Radmila Sekerinska, Skopje city suburban Mayor Sasa Bogdanovic, Colour Revolutionary Pavle Bogoevski, and a host of others have attacked native ethnic Macedonian identity as well as Macedonian statues but have paradoxically never protested against Serb nationalism or “interference” in Macedonia.

This has raised concerns amongst Macedonians of deliberate chauvinism, favouritism, prejudice by the above named individuals who are alleged to be hiding their true motives behind “anti nationalism.”

Mr Jovanovski stubbornly and angrily refuses to protest outside the Serb embassy in Skopje, Macedonia.

link: http://teamuzunovmedia.blogspot.com.au/2017/06/macedonia-serb-spy-saga-is-there-more.html?m=1

Mr Bogoevski, has admitted, that he too, doesn’t protest against Serb nationalism.

link: http://reporter.mk/nashi-faci/bogoevski-do-dachik-daj-mi-eden-dokaz-de/

Mr Bogdanovic has invoked Serb nationalist icon Gavrilo Princip and has threatened to demolish Macedonian monuments in Skopje, the capital city of Macedonia.

Question 1: In the past you have been very quick to jump to Serb journalist Mr Borjan Jovanovski’s defence when he has alleged that he has received death threats from angry native ethnic Macedonians. Ms Mijatovic, in your new role with the COE, can you give a public undertaking to monitor closely and fairly events in Macedonia and give an assurance to native ethnic Macedonians in the Republic of Macedonia that they will be given equal treatment?

Question 2: Are you concerned with the rise of neo Albanian fascism and extremism in Macedonia? Albanian politicians have over the past decade or so built a number of controversial statues to Albanian World War II Nazi collaborators in Macedonia. The issue has been brought to the attention of the German Deputy Ambassador to Macedonia, Mr Marco Acquatacci, who has given a statement.

link: http://teamuzunovmedia.blogspot.com.au/2017/12/germany-responds-to-albanian-nazi.html?m=1

Thursday, February 15, 2018


A leading but controversial British expert and former diplomat says Ukraine’s fear of Russia involvement in Macedonia via Serbia is exaggerated but still maintains that there is Russian interference.

Mr Timothy Less, a former British diplomat and now a consultant, wrote in 2016 of the need for a possible redrawing of the borders in the Balkans along ethnic lines, which would mean Bosnia-Hercegovina and Macedonia losing territory to accommodate ethnic Serbs and ethnic Albanians respectively. see links here and here

The comment generated enormous heat, to say the least, amongst Bosnians and Macedonians.

TEAM UZUNOV blog spoke to Mr Less about his views, especially in light of recent developments in Macedonia, the possibility of the country changing its name and identity to satisfy Greek demands as a precursor to joining NATO and the European Union.


On 27 April 2017, the Macedonian Parliament was stormed by angry Macedonians over the election of a new government, an SDSM-DUI (Macedonian Social Democrats and ethnic Albanian right wing nationalist party) coalition and the installation of Talat Xhaferi, a former Macedonian Army deserter turned KLA terrorist in the 2001 war in Macedonia, as the Speaker of the Macedonian Parliament. Mr Xheferi had, controversially, been chosen as Macedonia’s Defence Minister by the previous government of Nikola Gruevski, the nominally Macedonian “nationalist” party in 2013.

A diplomat from the Serb Embassy in Macedonia and also the resident intelligence officer, openly known, Goran Zivaljevic, was photographed inside the parliament during the turmoil which saw SDSM politicians Radmila Sekerinska, a Serb and now Macedonia’s Defence Minister attacked and pulled by the hair by an angry elderly man; SDSM leader and now Prime Minister Zoran Zaev bloodied and Albanian extremist politician Ziadin Sega, who in 2012 threatened to burn down the Macedonian parliament if his demands were not met, knocked unconscious.

Rumours, conspiracy theories and news stories began circulating of Russian “interference” in Macedonia via Serbia - as in Russia via Serbia instigating the riot in the parliament.

The Ukrainian Ambassador to Serbia, Mr Oleksandr Aleksandrovych wade into the controversy and made a statement in November 2017 in which he accused Russia of wanting to destroy Europe and of interfering in Macedonia through Serbia. see link here

But as hot heads and emotions cooled in Macedonia, the whole Russia interfering in Macedonia via Serbia scenario simply didn’t make any sense:

- No protests were ever held outside the Serbian Embassy in Skopje, the Macedonian capital, over this “interference.” In fact, no protest, barring Albanians, has ever been held outside the Serbian Embassy in Macedonia even when agents of the Slobodan Milosevic regime in Serbia were involved in attacking of the US Embassy in Skopje in 1999 over protests against the NATO war in Kosovo;

-many of the leading “anti nationalist” activists in Macedonia who are aligned with the US are themselves Serbs, such as Borjan Jovanovski, Pavle Bogoevski of the Colour Revolution fame, Sekerinska, Branimir Jovanovic of the Levica (Leftist) Movement, Sasa Bogdanovic, the Mayor of a crucial municipality in Skopje, the capital, and have been ferocious in their attacks on native ethnic Macedonian identity - in the process of doing so leaving themselves wide open to being accused of chauvinism aimed against native ethnic Macedonians.

Jovanovski (pictured right), in particular, gave two contradictory views - first he angrily dismissed Serbian-Russian interference in Macedonia calling it “mania” meaning insane but then a short time later claimed there was Serbian-Russian interference. But has stubbornly refused to call for any protests outside the Serb Embassy in Macedonia, perhaps a telling sign that the whole claim of Russia interfering via Serbia wasn’t true to begin with and holding a pro Serb bias? see link here

Bogoevski (pictured below), now an elected Member of the Macedonian Parliament, became the face of the Colour Revolution in Macedonia which purported to be against nationalism but only focused on attacking Macedonian statues ignoring the World War II Albanian Nazi collaborator statues that have sprung up in recent times in Macedonia.

Bogoevski later revealed - a telling admission - that he does not protest against Serbian nationalism. This further undermined the claim of Russian interference via Serbia. The bombastic, irascible Serb Foreign Minister Ivica Dacic, who has in the past made racist comments about Macedonians, falsely accused Bogoevski of fomenting protests against President elect of Serbia Alexander Vucic--formerly the Prime Minister--in the heart of the capital, Belgrade.

Bogoevski’s reaction to Dacic was to deliberately emphasize his Serb background and vehemently deny taking part in any protests in Belgrade. see link here

Ivana Jordanovska, a pundit who called for EU sanctions to be placed against Macedonia’s President George Ivanov for not doing as he was told by Brussels, told TEAM UZUNOV blog she would not call for sanctions against Vucic or Serbia over “interference” nor call for protests against Serb nationalism. Again, this was very puzzling “anti nationalist” behaviour.


I can offer a few comments in answer to your questions, but I'm not sufficiently well apprised of the details to comment on specific individuals and their particular motivations.

On the question of Russia, there is no question that Moscow is trying to shape Macedonia's politics to suit its own interests (whether you call that interference is a matter of semantics) but it's not clear that Russia is particularly effective, and one must keep in mind Ukraine's strong interest in exaggerating Russia's role and painting it as a malevolent influence.

As for Serbia, it has its own problems with Macedonia and is not simply acting as an cypher for Russia's interests. Belgrade sees Albanians gaining power in Macedonia - after being successfully unified by [Albanian Prime Minister] Edi Rama and entering into a government by an untrustworthy Zoran Zaev [now Macedonian Prime Minister]- and Belgrade worries what the Albanians will now do with that power.

Serbia's great fear, of course, is the emergence of a unified Albanian state which includes the territory of Kosovo plus the Preshevo Valley - in other words, a fear of losing Serbian territory and the having to confront a new regional competitor - and its interest is in preventing this development, starting in Macedonia.

On the question of racist statements, the context is that the West, and in particular the US, withdrew its support for Gruevski’s government after evidence emerged on tape of his gross corruption and criminality, followed by the Kumanovo incident [ed. note: terrorist attack by Albanian nationalists in 2015 on northern Macedonian border town- some suspicion over the veracity over it but US State Department deemed it genuine -see US State Department report link here].

Subsequently, the West has given its support to Zaev who says he wants to clean up the Macedonian state, improve the conditions of life for Albanians and integrate Macedonia with NATO and the EU - all things the West supports. The price the West must pay for these gains is to turn a blind eye to occasional misdeeds by its new clients because it's not worth falling out with them over small matters, although it may well express its displeasure in private.

On borders, to be precise, I did not call for the partition of Macedonia or Bosnia. I warned that minorities in these countries will eventually try to break away from their titular states because they do not enjoy the basics of life in their current circumstances - security, rights, economic opportunity, and so on - and have no expectation that this will change.

The Bosnian Serbs are explicit about their plans to secede from Bosnia and have an obvious alternative option - unification with Serbia, a state to which they were joined until 1992. The Albanians in Macedonia are weaker and do not have another state which they can join because Albania is currently a state comprised of two parts - Albania proper and Kosovo - the latter of which is weak and contested. The 2001 conflict was a pretty clear statement that Macedonia's Albanians do not want to be part of Macedonia but, for the moment, they must stay put and make the best of it.

My argument is that the geopolitics of the Balkans are in a state of flux and the West's hegemonic position in the region is untenable, because the US is not interested in the Balkans and the EU's unresolvable internal crises means it cannot integrate the region (or even sustain itself: the EU is in a state of slow-motion disintegration).

The inevitable consequence is an emerging power vacuum in the Balkans which malcontent minorities will exploit to resolve their unfinished business from the 1990s and 2000s, starting with the Bosnian Serbs, followed by the Kosovo Albanians whose only viable long-term option is unification of their territory with Albania, and followed after that by the Macedonian Albanians.

So the question for Western policy makers is whether to risk an uncontrolled conflict in the Balkans against a probable backdrop of political crisis in the rest of Europe. Or to recognise where the region is heading - towards the emergence of nation states - and take pre-emptive action while Europe is still stable and united, and the West has some leverage to make sure this transition happens peacefully rather than violently.

This suggestion was never going to go down well with Macedonians and Bosnian Muslims because they believe their respective minorities have no right to leave and take their territory with them. Nor was it ever going to be popular with the Liberal internationalists in Brussels who believe that nation states are the source of all evil and cannot see that the EU - the embodiment of all their hopes and dreams - is failing.

However, this is largely irrelevant to those people on the ground who deeply desire their sovereignty and self-determination and who will ultimately take risks to achieve it. Where Brits, Catalans and Kurds (and, perhaps also Lombards, Venetians and Corsicans) are now leading, minorities in the Balkans will eventually follow.

Timothy Less’s comments about border changes have met with fierce criticism from Macedonians and Muslim Bosnians alike.

MARK BRANOV, a Canadian-Macedonian activist, formerly Media Director of the advocacy group United Macedonian Diaspora and now with civic group SNS-Makedonium, which sprung up in the Republic of Macedonia as a reaction to dissatisfaction with the two major Macedonian political parties, VMRO-DPMNE and SDSM:

"The public commentary from Tim Less attempts to portray border adjustments in the Balkans as if they were little more than rearranging the furniture. He is whitewashing the deadly serious issue of western-backed UCK [Kosovo Liberation Army] terrorism and irredentism; it is not only irresponsible and out of touch, but it is also utterly amoral and unprincipled. Despite a long history of compromise and acquiescence to foreign demands and the demands of foreign agents within the state, the Macedonian government has been hijacked by foreign powers. It is currently in the process of being reduced to a second Kosovo-style protectorate, and voices like Less are determined to distract attention away from the perpetrators of this aggression.”

ZHIVAN RENDEV- an Australian Macedonian human rights activist

Mr Rendev says he doesn’t buy the whole Russia scare campaign.

"I see it as a smokescreen to force Macedonia to give up its name and identity over a fear that is not existent," he said.

"It's an excellent pretext to satisfy Greek, Bulgar and Albanian demands at Macedonia's expense with some of the crumbs from the table maybe given to Belgrade," he said.

"Since 1991 post independence Macedonia has fallen within the pro Western camp. The pity is that loyalty has been a one way street. Macedonia's internal stability was threatened by assisting the US and NATO in Kosovo in 1999 and as a buffer state against the Milosevic regime in Serbia. As a "reward" the KLA invaded Macedonia in 2001 to take territory. We all know the KLA was created by the US."

Mr Rendev also cited the 2003 El Masri rendition torture scandal to demonstrate the very close cooperation of the US and Macedonia. [see link here for more on El Masri scandal]

"However," he added "the whole instigator has been Greece in the attack on Macedonia's existence. Greece desperately needs to whitewash its ethnic genocide of the native Macedonian population since the partition of Macedonia in 1912-13."

“It's interesting to note that Greece can be simultaneously pro US or flirt with the so called Russian Orthodox alliance and no one panics in Washington or Brussels but if Macedonians stand up for themselves then all hell breaks loose. The hypocrisy is foul smelling to tell you the truth."

"Talking about hypocrisy, there is massive corruption in Bulgaria, Greece and Kosovo and no Colour Revolution. There are Albanian Nazi collaborator statues that have been built in Macedonia and a rise in neo-Albanian fascism but silence from the West.”

Mr Rendev said he wanted to break this wall of silence and was one of the organisers of a Macedonian rally to be held in Melbourne, Australia on 4 March this year.


Southeast Europe Coalition Strongly Rejects Warmongering and Violence-inciting Speech

The Southeast European Coalition (SEE Coalition) is an informal partnership of Diaspora organizations in the U.S. that formed in response to the U.S Department of State’s Global Diaspora Forum in May 2011. SEE Coalition contributes to an enhanced American foreign policy that reflects the common goals of ethnic communities from Southeast Europe, and advocates for a Europe that is whole, free and at peace. SEE Coalition works within the context of shared American values towards a democratic, multicultural and peaceful Southeast Europe, and together with our partners, we advocate for these principles and advise on policies that would bring about positive change in this vulnerable region. This statement is a response to recent articles that have surfaced suggesting that the only way forward for the Southeast European region is a re-drawing of the borders along ethnic lines.

In an article by Timothy Less published by Foreign Affairs magazine, he suggests that the current multi-ethnic composition of most states in the Western Balkans has failed, and that the best solution would be to fragment Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia and Kosovo along ethnic lines and a massive realignment of the region. In a published response to Less’ article, Dr. Jasmin Mujanovic, a scholar of Southeast Europe, noted that the Western Balkans has always been multicultural in form, and that it would be next to impossible to create purely ethnic states. According to Dr. Mujanovic, the only people in the region who want more partition are “extremists and reactionaries” and those connected to the demagogues that helped lead the region into a decade of war during the 1990s. Dr. Mujanovic wisely notes that “the most previous element of the formula” for a free and peaceful Southeast Europe is peace.

TEAM UZUNOV original questions to Mr Timothy Less

Mr Less, the Ukrainian Ambassador to Serbia Aleksandrovych made a statement in November 2017 in which he accused Russia of interfering in Macedonia through Serbia.

Link: http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/article/russia-using-serbia-to-destroy-europe-ukraine-ambassador-10-31-2017

I wanted to bring to your attention that no protests have ever been held outside the Serbian Embassy in Skopje, Macedonia over this interference.

Pro US and NATO supporters in Macedonia, who also include leading Macedonian politicians and journalists of Serb background, such as Defence Minister Radmila Sekerinska, media commentator and activist Borjan Jovanovski have remained inactive over this interference.

See link:


For example, Mr Jovanovski and many others like him, who strongly support NATO and the US in Macedonia, have stubbornly refused to protest against Serbian-Russian interference in Macedonia and have offered contradictory statements - one minute saying there is no Serb-Russian interference, next minute saying there is.

Q1. Are you puzzled by this behaviour which goes against the Ukrainian Ambassador's statement? This behaviour of the aforementioned people strikes me of bias and chauvinism towards native ethnic Macedonians.

Furthermore, Colour Revolution Leader and now Macedonian MP, Pavle Bogoevski revealed he was of Serb background and also admitted he doesn't protest against Serbian nationalism, a supporter of Russia.

Q2. Isn't this odd for someone claiming to be pro US, EU and NATO?

See link:


Q3. Why does the US support Serb chauvinists who pretend to be Macedonian "anti nationalists?" Is it because they cynically support the US?

I don't recall such people being given a platform when the US needed Macedonia in 1999 as a buffer state against the Slobodan Milosevic regime in Macedonia.

Q4. Why has there been silence from the West over the building of Albanian Nazi collaborator statues in Macedonia?  and silence over some of the racist statements made by Albanian politicians towards Macedonians?



Q5. Are you aware that in 2007 the US Embassy in Macedonia advised against bi-lingualism (adding Albanian as an official language) in Macedonia because of the dangers it posed to Macedonia's stability? Do you wish to comment on the issue?



Q6. You have controversially called for Macedonia and Bosnia to be partitioned - in Macedonia's case handing a large chunk in the West to Kosovo or Albania. Why does Macedonia's border need to change if there is a move for a borderless Europe as part of the utopian EU project? Large numbers of Albanians have arrived in Macedonia or more precisely were pushed out of Kosovo into Macedonia. There has been no proper census undertaken in over a decade. Furthermore, the US is using Serb chauvinists posing as "Macedonian anti nationalists", "human rights activists" to attack native ethnic Macedonian identity. That suggests the US State Department has a deliberate agenda to destabilise Macedonia.

Thursday, January 11, 2018


by Sasha Uzunov

The United States Ambassador to Kosovo has joined the ranks of his diplomatic colleague across the border in Macedonia in not wanting to comment nor be drawn into debate over the very touchy subject of rehabilitation of Albanian Nazi collaborators during World War II by the Kosovo state authorities and by the Albanian political bloc in Macedonia.

Ambassador Greg Delawie (left) was contacted by TEAM UZUNOV blog over a controversial decision in 2012 which largely slipped under the western media’s radar by then Kosovo President Atitefe Jahjaga to award posthumously an official state decoration, the Order of Freedom (Urdhrin i Lirise) to three prominent Albanian leaders who collaborated with Nazi Germany during World War II. Nazi Germany was an enemy of the US during World War II.

“The U.S. Embassy has no comment. Sorry that I cannot be of further help,” said Mr Richard Mei,
Public Affairs Officer at the US Embassy in Pristina, on behalf of Ambassador Delawie.

Kosovo and the Albanian political bloc in Macedonia are regarded as staunch US allies. There has been a reluctance on the part of the US - for one reason or another - to avoid commenting on this touchy subject of the rehabilitation of Albanian nationalists and fascists. see link here

But post World War II, during the Cold War (1946-89) and the showdown with communism and the Soviet Union, US intelligence cooped ex Nazi collaborators, conveniently turning a a blind eye to their previous activities.

In 2012 during centenary celebrations for Albanian independence, Kosovo President Atitefe Jahjaga -pictured here with US President Barak Obama and wife Michelle- awarded posthumously the Order of Kosovo (Urdhrin i Lirise) to Albanian leaders and signatories of the Albanian declaration of independence in 1912, including Mithat Frasheri, Rexhep Mitrovica and Bedri Pejani.  see link here

All three leaders went on to collaborate with Nazi Germany during the later stages of World War II in establish and maintaining a Greater Albania until the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945.

MITHAT FRASHERI (1880 to 1949) - became the leader of the Balli Kombetar (National Front), a fascist quisling militia funded by Nazi Germany during World War II which carried out brutal ethnic cleansing of native Macedonians in western Macedonia.

Major Balli Kombetar leaders in Macedonia were Xhem Hasa and Aqif Krosi Recani. Both have statues erected in their “honour” near the town of Gostivar by the Albanian political bloc in Macedonia.

Frasheri fled to Italy after the collapse of Nazi Germany and somehow ended up in the US post war as one of the leaders of The National Committee for a Free Albania, sponsored by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).

The use of Albanian Nazi collaborators by the CIA post WWII.

- Dr James D. Callanan (1999) in his thesis - The evolution of the CIA’s covert action mission, 1947-1963,  Durham University, UK, page 117 - see link here - wrote:

"The National Committee for a Free Albania was, however, far from a perfect construct for Anglo-American requirements, not least because the majority of Balli Kombetar's leaders were tainted as a result of their involvement in the administration of Albania while it was under Axis control."

Frasheri died in 1949 in the US.

Hermann Neubacher - Nazi German diplomat on his Mission in Albania 1943-4, helped in setting up a Nazi German puppet state in Albania. He wrote:

"The men of [Albanian nationalist militia] Balli Kombëtar never did battle with our [German Wehrmacht] troops."

REXHEP MITROVICA (1887-1961) & BEDRI PEJANI (1885-1946)

When Italian Fascist rule of Albania collapsed in 1943, Nazi Germany took control and installed Rexhep Mitrovica (right) as Prime Minister. Mitrovica later resigned due to poor health, a battle with tuberculosis. Eventually fleeing Albania and dying in Istanbul, Turkey in 1961.

- More on Rexhep Mitrovica at these links here and here

Mitrovica, together with Bedri Pejani (left) were instrumental -with Nazi German assistance - in setting up the Second Prizren League, which advocated and put into brutal practice a racially pure ethnic Greater Albania.

Pejani was described as fanatically pro Nazi, crazed, bloodthirst. Was responsible for ethnically cleansing 20,000 Serbs from Kosovo. Later executed by Yugoslav partisans. - More on Pejani at these links here and here

US author Richard Raschke in his book, -Useful Enemies: America’s Open-Door Policy for Nazi War Criminals, “ reveals Fresher (Balli Kombetar), and other quislings Xhafer Deva and Hasan Dosti were involved in deporting Jews to death camps during World War II.                                   

link to Raschke’s book here 
TEAM UZUNOV blog has contacted the Office of Kosovo President, Hashim Thaci, the incumbent, for a response over his predecessor’s decision to award medals to the three Albanian Nazi collaborators.

As yet no response has been forthcoming.
TEAM UZUNOV blog question to US Ambassador to Kosovo, Mr Greg Delawie:

I wanted to bring to your attention an issue which paints the US in a very negative light as well Kosovo.

In 2012 the then Kosovo President Ms Atitefe Jahjaga awarded posthumously Kosovo state decorations / medals - the Order of Freedom - to…Albanian Nazi collaborators from World War II, Rexhep Mitrovica and Midthat Frasheri.

Ambassador, will you be counselling the current Kosovo President Mr Hashim Thaci to revoke the awards ?

Is it appropriate in this day and age for Nazi collaborators to be commemorated as national heroes?


1949 CIA assessment paper - Strategic importance of Albania ! 

"Strategic: Historically, the strategic significance of Albania derives from the country's position on the Eastern shore of the Strait of Otranto, at the entrance to the Adriatic and astride the land route between the Adriatic and the Aegean. In this position, Albania has long been a focal point of conflicting power interests, especially those of Greece, Italy, and the Slays. Thus Albania as an "independent" national state is more an artificial creation of Great Power politics, than an expression of national will and power of the people. Albania is, in other words, an entity arising from the essentially negative factor of the unwillingness of any of the Powers interested in the area to allow any other power to control it; it does not arise from positive factors of inherent strength, and therefore, even during periods of formal “independence,” Albania has in one way or another been controlled by one of the Powers.”


After NATO’s War in Kosovo in 1999 and the fall of Slobodan Milosevic regime in Serbia in 2000, a unitary Macedonia state is no longer of strategic importance to the US as a buffer state to Serbia. Are other dynamics now in play - a federalised Macedonia? A partitioned Macedonia?


It's no coincidence that the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) invaded Macedonia in 2001 with covert US support in order for Washington to establish a long term "insurance policy" in the Southern Balkans which links up with the US base at Camp Bondsteel in Kosovo in a powerful axis.

There has been a deliberate silence from the West over the rise of Albanian Neo-Fascism in the Balkans, including Macedonia- the rehabilitation of Albanian Nazi collaborators of World War II and the statues built to them in Macedonia - Xhem Hasa and Aqif Krosi Recani. further story here

You don’t see modern day Germany or Austria building statues to Nazis.


Other factors are in play - namely cultural - in 1991 after the collapse of Yugoslavia and Macedonia’s declaration of independence, Macedonia’s powerful Serb-Yugoslavist grouping split into 2 factions - one that remained loyal to Belgrade and the second faction (for example Macedonian Defence Minister Radmila Sekerinska who switches between a Macedonian and Serb identity when the mood hits here, pundit Borjan Jovanovski, Skopje suburban Mayor Sasa Bogdanovic, Macedonian MP Pavle Bogoevski, Levica Movement leader Branimir Jovanovski, Balkan Insight reporter Sinisa Jakov Marusic etc. etc.) that aligned with Washington. Both factions don’t believe in supporting native ethnic Macedonian identity and subscribe to the Pan-slavist, Slav Migration Theory, introduced into what is now the Republic of Macedonia during Serbian colonial rule (1912-41).

When Macedonia was needed in the US’s struggle against Slobodan Milosevic, the nasty attack on native Macedonian identity by Macedono-Serb Borjan Jovanovski and others like him didn’t receive much support from the US. But that has now been reversed - which indicates the US is no longer interested in a unitary Macedonian state.

- further stories here and here and here


Bulgaria joining NATO and hosting 4 US military bases is of more strategic importance to the US than Macedonia is. Before Bulgaria joined NATO, ironically, the Serb-Yugoslavist pro US faction acted as a buffer against Bulgarian influences in Macedonia, especially the shameful antics of then Macedonian PM Ljubco Georgievski and the powerful pro Bulgarian faction within the nominally Macedonian nationalist VMRO-DPMNE party.

That has obviously now changed with SDSM (Social Democrats) party led by Prime Minister Zoran Zaev, once the pro Serb-Yugoslavist party of choice in Macedonia, signing a “Good neighbourly Agreement” with Bulgaria - in which Macedonia promised to give up the Macedonian minority in Bulgaria and cave into Bulgarian demands to soften or airbrush Bulgaria’s brutal Nazi quisling occupation of Macedonia during World War II.

Any opposition to Bulgarian influence in Macedonia has been removed. The concomitant of that is the Macedonian Orthodox Church coming under Bulgarian jurisdiction. Something that would have been unheard of 18 months ago. Furthermore, SDSM, like its rival VMRO-DPMNE before it, is in a coalition government with right-wing Albanian nationalists, DUI, who invoke Albanian fascist collaborators as heroes and builds statues to them.

- further stories here and here and here


It's no coincidence, too, that the US has deliberately groomed politician Radmila Sekerinska, now Macedonia's Defence Minister, as a future leader. She opportunistically interchanges between a Macedonian and Serb identity when the mood strikes her and doesn’t feel a real connection to native ethnic Macedonian identity. see link here 

Likewise, the US to hedge its bets and counter balance the pro US Serb-Yugoslavist faction in Macedonia, has carefully groomed Nikola Dimitrov, now the foreign Minister of Macedonia, who comes from a pro Bulgarian family. see links here and here


Greece is a long standing US ally which has been funded by Washington since 1946 and for a long time hosted US military bases on its soil - which have now been relocated to Bulgaria and Romania. One US Naval base remains on the island of Crete.

Greece is the US and NATO's southern flank overseeing the important Mediterranean Sea.

This explains why the US has never leaned on Greece to stop its outrageous opposition to Macedonia's name. In 1995 Macedonia caved in to Greek demands and changed its flag and gave up its ethnic minority in Greece but to no avail.


In 2004 the US recognised Macedonia’s name for purely cynical reasons to stop a referendum that would have thrown a spanner in the works in the territorial reorganisation of Macedonia - meaning creating a defacto Albanian state within Macedonia. further story here


The Russian fear is a smokescreen pure and simple. Russia poses no threat to Macedonia.

The obvious giveaway that there is no Russian “interference” in Macedonia is you have the staunchly  pro US Serb-Yugoslavist faction in Macedonia- i.e.  Serbs such as Borjan Jovanovski, Sasa Bogdanovic etc. etc. who share the same hostile views towards native ethnic Macedonians as many hard core Serb nationalists in Belgrade who hate the US…and who turn to Russian President Vladimir Putin for salvation.

The US Embassy in Skopje, Macedonia doesn't deny that some of its key supporters hold such views ! Moreover, there have been no protests outside the Serb Embassy in Skopje.

This tells you loud and clear there is no Russian interference in Macedonia.


In 2017 during a US Comgressional hearing, US expert Professor Daniel Serwer mentioned the possibility of a long term US military occupation of Macdonia which would oversee the partition of the country if “nation building failed"- a large slice being given to the Albanians and what was left over would be "allowed to vote" to join a neighbouring state - Greece, Bulgaria or Serbia.


In 2007 the US Embassy warned against raising Albanian on par with Macedonian as an official language in Macedonia - knowing it would lead to federalisation and then unravelling of Macedonia.

2007 - US Diplomatic cable - link here 

That policy has now been overturned since the advent of US Ambassador Jess Baily in Macedonia. The Macedonian government has just recently voted for bilingualism and it now remains up to the Macedonian President George Ivanov to veto it. If it is vetoed, it the legislation returns to the parliament and is voted in again. If it passes, it overrides the President’s veto. The whole saga has a nasty after taste to it. Bilingualism - that is Albanian becoming the second official language in Macedonia was snuck in as part of the “Tirana Platform” after the crucial 2016 general elections, meaning Macedonians who cast their vote were deliberately kept in the dark over Zaev’s election program.

- further stories here and here

The 2007 OSCE report is of enormous interest as covered by writer Chris Deliso - “Albanians in Tetovo Stunned by OSCE Official’s Call for Minority Language Obligations, but Government Fails to Capitalize” - link here


Macedonia is now on the threshold of changing its name - more precisely the pro US government in Macedonia is - to appease Greek nationalist demands. With the change and bilingualism, it means the end of a Macedonian nation-state. You have to ask why is there a need for a third Albanian state in the Balkans - when Albanian and Kosovo exist but Macedonians have barely one state?